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Espanyol

Espanyol is a football (soccer) club from Spain.

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About Espanyol

Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona (, ) is a sports club based in Barcelona, Spain. It is best known for its football (soccer) team. Espanyol currently play in the Estadi Cornellà-El Prat with seats for 40,500 spectators. It has been their home stadium since 2 August 2009. Espanyol has previously played at Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys, which also hosted the 1992 Summer Olympics, and at Estadi de Sarrià, which hosted 1982 FIFA World Cup.

History

Foundation and club culture

Espanyol was founded on 28 October 1900 by Ángel Rodríguez, an engineering student at the University of Barcelona. The club's original home was in the well-off district of Sarrià-Sant Gervasi and was initially known as the Sociedad Española de Football. One year later, the club changed its name to Club Español de Fútbol. Espanyol was the first club in Spain to be formed exclusively by Spanish fans of the game.

The club originally played in bright yellow shirts, with the colour of the shorts being left to the individual player. A friend of the club founder owned a textile business and happened to have an abundance of yellow material left over from a job. In 1910, the club changed its name to Club Deportivo Español and chose blue and white stripes as shirt colours and as the central colours of the club badge. Blue and white was chosen in homage to the colours appearing on the shield of the great Sicilian-Aragonese Admiral Roger de Lluria, who sailed the Mediterranean protecting the interests of the Crown of Aragon in the Middle Ages. The club were successful from the very beginning, winning the Catalan football championship in 1903 and subsequently playing in the Copa del Rey.

Development of club's name

In 1906, the club folded due to financial reasons and most of the players joined the X Sporting Club. This club won the Catalan football championship three times between 1906 and 1908. In 1909, this club was effectively relaunched as Club Deportivo Español, and in 1910, they adopted their present day colours.
Espanyol are one of several Spanish football clubs granted patronage by the List of Spanish monarchs and thus entitled to use Real in their names and the Spanish Royal Crown on their badge. This right was granted to Espanyol in 1912 by Alfonso XIII of Spain and the club subsequently became known as Real Club Deportivo Español.

Following the abdication of Alfonso XIII in 1931 and the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic, due to prohibition of royal symbols, the club adopted the more Catalan/republican friendly name, Club Esportiu Espanyol. After the Spanish Civil War, and the subsequent prohibition of the Catalan language, the name reverted to Real Club Deportivo Español.

The club took the Catalan spelling for its name in February 1995. The word Deportiu in Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona is a Catalanised form of the original word Deportivo (Castilian language), despite the correct word being Esportiu in the Catalan language. This choice was made in order to retain the initials RCD in the club's name.

UEFA Cup 2006–07

With their win in the Copa del Rey the previous season, Espanyol entered the UEFA Cup. Following a 5–3 aggregate success against FC Artmedia Bratislava they were drawn in Group F, along with Dutch giants AFC Ajax, Belgian minnows S.V. Zulte Waregem, Czech side Sparta Prague, and Austrian side FK Austria Wien. Espanyol were group winners, victorious in all four of their ties.

Their opponent in the Round of 32 was Italian side A.S. Livorno Calcio, who had just scraped into the knockout stages. Espanyol were 4–1 victors on aggregate, recording a 2–1 win in Tuscany and finishing the job 2–0 in Barcelona. Next up was Israeli side Maccabi Haifa F.C., and after a dour 0–0 draw in the away leg, Espanyol thrashed their Israeli counterparts 4–0 in the second leg. Many were starting to see Espanyol as favourites to go all the way to the final in Glasgow's Hampden Park.

However, if that were to be the case, Espanyol would have to defeat Portuguese giants S.L. Benfica, two-time UEFA Champions League winners. Espanyol did not seem fazed by this, as they raced into a 3–0 lead in Spain. However, Benfica fought back and scored two away goals to leave the tie firmly in the balance. Nevertheless, Espanyol survived a daunting trip to Lisbon, coming away with a 0–0 draw, which was enough to book them a place in the semi-finals.

Germans SV Werder Bremen lay in wait for the Catalan side in the last four, but once again, Espanyol produced a brilliant home performance to virtually seal the tie on the night. A 3–0 rout of the Germans put the Spanish firmly in control, and any real doubts about their passage to the final disappeared, with a 2–1 win in Bremen. In the final, held on 16 May in Glasgow, Scotland, Espanyol fell to fellow La Liga side Sevilla FC, losing 3–1 in a shootout following a 2–2 draw. They became the only football team in UEFA Cup history to remain unbeaten in the tournament, yet didn't take home the trophy. Walter Pandiani, who would leave the club at the end of the season, was the top goal scorer of the UEFA Cup of that season.

Miscellaneous information

- In 1928, Espanyol became a founding member of La Liga, and in 1929, the team won their first Copa del Rey.
- The team has qualified nine times for the UEFA Cup (including the 2006–07 qualification following the 2006 Spanish Cup win) and reached the final in 1988, losing to Bayer 04 Leverkusen of then-West Germany on Penalty shootout (association football) (3–2), after a memorable home-and-away final (3–0 in Barcelona, 0–3 in Leverkusen), and in 2007, losing to Sevilla FC on another penalty kicks round (3–1), after a memorable match (ended 1–1 after normal time, and 2–2 after extra time).
- In 1994, Espanyol created its reserve team, RCD Espanyol B, currently playing in the Segunda División B.
- Espanyol collaborates with Panionios F.C. and Swansea City F.C.. Espanyol has the first choice to buy players from those teams and may also loan them young players. Espanyol also collaborates with Halmstads BK. The deal between the clubs gives Halmstad the right to loan up to three players from Espanyol B. Espanyol have no first choice option in this cooperation.
- In 2009 the club was affected by the sudden death by heart attack of club captain Daniel Jarque, who died during a pre-season training session in Italy.

Trophies

Football

- Copa del Rey
- - 4 – 1928–29 Copa del Rey, 1940 Copa del Generalísimo, 1999–2000 Copa del Rey, 2005–06 Copa del Rey

- UEFA Cup
- - Runner-up (2): 1987–88 UEFA Cup, 2006–07 UEFA Cup

- Segunda División
- - 1 – 1993–94 Segunda División

Women’s football

- Liga España
- - 2008-09

- Copa de la Reina
- - 1996, 1997, 2006, 2009: 4

Men’s basketball

- Copa del Rey de Baloncesto
- - 1941: 1
- Campionat de Catalunya
- - 1931, 1932: 2
- Lliga Catalana EBA
- - 1981: 1

Women’s basketball

- Copa de España
- - 1943: 1

Hockey

- Copas de España
- - 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1961, 1962: 11

Women’s volleyball

- Liga España
- - 1985, 1988, 1991: 3
- Copas de España
- - 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992: 4

Baseball

- División de Honor de Béisbol
- - 1944, 1953: 2

Competition summary

- 7 participations in UEFA Cup
- 2 participations in Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
- 2 participations in Intertoto Cup
- 75 seasons in La Liga
- 4 seasons in Segunda División

The numbers and players are established according to the official website:

As of 30 January 2012 Season 2011–12 La Liga



Out on loan



Foreign players

- Cristian Darío Álvarez
- Juan Forlín
- Felipe Mattioni
- Héctor Moreno (footballer)
- Juan Albín
- Adrián Luna
- Kalu Uche
- Philippe Coutinho

Stadia

From 1923 until 1997, Espanyol played their home games in Estadi de Sarrià in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona. In 1997, they moved to the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on Montjuïc. For the beginning of the 2009–10 season, Espanyol moved into the newly constructed Estadi Cornellà-El Prat in Cornellà de Llobregat

Retired numbers

21 – Daniel Jarque, 2002–2009
Midfielder Defensive midfielder

Former players

See

Notable coaches




1900–49
- Francisco Bru Sanz
- Jack Greenwell

1950–69
- Juan José Nogués
- Alejandro Scopelli
- Janos Kálmár

1970–79
- José Santamaría
- Heriberto Herrera
- Ferdinand Daučík

1980–89
- Xabier Azkargorta
- Javier Clemente
- Milorad Pavić (footballer)

1990–99
- Luis Aragonés
- José Antonio Camacho
- Paco Flores
- Marcelo Bielsa
- Miguel Ángel Brindisi
- Ljubomir Petrović

2000–
- Miguel Ángel Lotina
- Tintín Márquez
- Juande Ramos
- Ernesto Valverde
- Luis Fernández

see also




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