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Shakhtar Donetsk

Shakhtar Donetsk is a football (soccer) club from Ukraine.

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About Shakhtar Donetsk

FC Shakhtar Donetsk is a Ukraine professional Association football club from the city of Donetsk. Shakhtar has appeared in several European competitions and currently is often a participant of the UEFA Champions League. The club became the first Ukrainian club to win the UEFA Europa League in 2008–09 UEFA Cup, the last year before the competition was revamped as the Europa League. They are one of only two Ukrainian clubs, the other being FC Dynamo Kyiv to have won a major UEFA competition.

The clubs draws its history from the very start of the Soviet football league competitions and is one of the oldest clubs in Ukraine. The club was a member of the Soviet Voluntary Sports Societies of the Soviet Union of Shakhtyor having connections with other Soviet teams from FC Shakhter Karagandy (Kazakhstan), FC Shakhtyor Soligorsk (Belarus) etc. The Donetsk-based club became culturally entwined with the heavily industrialized and Russification region of Ukraine, Donets Basin, better known as the Donbas hence the name of its stadium. In the late Soviet period Shakhtar was considered a tough mid-table club of the Soviet Top League and a cup competition specialist after winning the Soviet Cup two years in a row (1961 and 1962).

The team has played under the following names: Stakhanovets (1936–1946), Shakhtyor (Shakhtar) (1946–1992) and FC Shakhtar (since 1992).

History overview

The football to the Donetsk region came in times of the Russian Empire when the industrialization of the country has began. Numerous foreigns, particularly the British workers, were forming their own football teams. In September 1911 at the factory of Novorossiysk Association (currently Donetsk Steel Works Factory – DMZ) owned by John Hughes (developer) was created the Yuzovka Sports Association which contained a football club as well. The football team existed until 1919. In 1920s the club was reorganized into the Lenin's club. One of the most prominent players of that period was Viktor Shylovsky who became famous, however, playing for Dynamo Kyiv.

The club Shakhtar was originally formed in May 1936 and was initially named Stakhanovets meaning the participant of Stakhanovite movement which derived from Aleksei Grigorievich Stakhanov, a coal-miner in the Donets basin and propaganda celebrity in 1935. The first team was based upon two other local teams, the participants of the All-Ukrainian Spartakiads: Dynamo Horlivka and Stalino. The first game was unofficial against FC Chornomorets Odessa and took place on May 12, 1936 at Balitsky Stadium. The team of Donbas lost it 2:3 after scoring the first. Its first official game with Dynamo Kazan was even more disappointing, which they lost 1:4. Nonetheless, the selective job conducted constructively by the clubs administration allowed the club to compete successfully at the top level by the end 1930s. During the war championship of 1941 which was interrupted unexpectedly the club defeated the Soviet champions FC Dynamo Moscow and after about ten games was placing the fifth. The last game of that championship they played on June 24 two days after the start of the Great Patriotic War, which they lost at home to FC Rotor Volgograd.

The All-Union coal mining society of Stakhanovite had changed its name in July 1946 to Shakhtyor. The first success for the team was in 1951, under name of Shakhtyor when it took the third place in the Soviet Top League.

In the 1960s, Shakhtar under Oleg Oshenkov’s coaching were three-time USSR Cup finalists, winning it twice in 1961 and 1962. The club was nicknamed “The Cup Team” due to Shakhtar’s success in vying for the trophy every year, however the Miners’ more notable achievements occurred later from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s.

In 1975, Shakhtar took 2nd in the Soviet Top League and received the right to represent the Soviet Union in European competition. In 1978, Shakhtar finished third in the USSR Championship. A year later, the team finished second and its captain – striker Vitaliy Starukhin – was named the best player and the best forward in the Soviet Top League (26 goals scored).

Shakhtar twice, in 1980 and 1983, brought home the crystal USSR Cup to Donbas and in 1983, it won the USSR Super Cup over then-domestic league champions FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk.

In October of 1995, a bombing-assassination took place at the team's stadium, killing team president Akhat Bragin. In the year that followed Rinat Akhmetov took over as president and subsequently invested heavily in the club.

In the newly independent Ukraine, Shakhtar along with FC Dynamo Kyiv became perennial first place competitors. In 1999, a Shakhtar Football academy was opened and now hosts football training for roughly 3000 children.

Shakhtar have, to date, appeared in all three editions of the First Channel Cup, winning the 2006 edition and finishing runners up in 2008.

For the last several seasons Shakhtar has the highest home attendance in a league, averaging at about 20,000 per game.

In 2009, they became only the second Ukrainian team to win a European competition (and the first since independence), and the first to win the 2009 UEFA Cup Final, beating SV Werder Bremen in the final, with goals from Brazilians Luiz Adriano and Jadson. This also made them the last UEFA Cup winners before the tournament was rebranded as the UEFA Europa League.

Stadium

FC Shakhtar has been playing most of its games at the Lokomotiv Stadium (Donetsk) stadium. The construction of a new stadium, Donbass Arena has finished and was opened on 29 August 2009. The stadium has a capacity of 50,149 and has been awarded a UEFA five star rating.

FC Shakhtar's old home, the central Shakhtar Stadium which was built in 1936, and was reconstructed four times, is currently being used by FC Shakhtar Donetsk Reserves and Youth Team. The stadium received some major renovations, including the installation of bench seats in 2000, when FC Shakhtar made it to the UEFA Champions League Group Stage.

A mascot mole (moles is a nickname for the club) will entertain spectators during the home matches.

Crests and colours

The first logo of the club was designed in 1936, it featured a blue hexagon, with a red 'S' in the middle, crossed over by a jackhammer. In 1946, when the club was renamed, the logo was changed to black and white, with addition of club's name.
Later in the middle of the 60s logo depicted two crossed hammers and a writing Shakhtar 'Donetsk' in the circle. About the same time the crest was added to the kit and remained there since, except for several seasons, in the beginning of 1990s. The clubs name was often depicted in the Russian language as the rest of participants of the Soviet football competitions. Therefore some sources have its name written often as Shakhter or rarely Shakhtyor.

In 1989, an artist, Viktor Savilov, on the event of the club restructuring offered a draft variant of a logo with elements of the ball and a Association football pitch. Some time later the logo was remodelled into the present one. The emblem was added to the kit in 1997.

In 2008, during the presentation of club's new stadium Shakhtar's new logo was unveiled. For the first time in over 30 years, traditional symbols of the club "Crossed Hammers" were present on the crest.

Former kits






Rivalry

Shakhtar's biggest rival today is FC Dynamo Kyiv. The match between them has grown into what is called the Ukrainian derby. The stadiums in Kiev and Donetsk are nearly full for matches between the two teams and are the main football events within the country. The other rivalry with Metalurh Donetsk is local and, although not as significant as games against the rivals from the capital, the games between the two Donetsk teams have been proclaimed the Donetsk Derby.

Among the extinguished rivalries are the games against FC Spartak Moscow and, particularly, the third place champions FC Dinamo Tbilisi that took place at times of the Soviet Top League. Another interesting rivalry, Donbas Derby, is with FC Zorya Luhansk, games with which gather a significant crowd in Luhansk. During the early Ukrainian championships another interesting rivalry has developed with FC Chornomorets Odessa, Miners vs. Sailors, which declined with the turn of the millennium due to inconsistent performance of the Odessa based club.

Club song

Lyrics by: K.Arsenev; Music: I.Krutoiy

Refrain:

Honours

Soviet Union

- Soviet Top League
- - Runners-Up: (2) 1975 Soviet Top League, 1979 Soviet Top League
- - Third place: (2) 1951 Soviet Top League, 1978 Soviet Top League
- Soviet Cup
- - Winners: (4) 1961, 1962, 1980, 1983
- - Runners-Up: (4) 1963, 1978, 1985, 1986
- Soviet Super Cup
- - Winners: (1) 1983
- - Runners-Up: (2) 1980, 1985

Ukraine

- Ukrainian Premier League
- - Winners: (6) Ukrainian Premier League 2001–02, Ukrainian Premier League 2004-05, Ukrainian Premier League 2005-06, Ukrainian Premier League 2007-08, Ukrainian Premier League 2009-10, 2010–11 Ukrainian Premier League
- - Runners-Up: (10) Ukrainian Premier League 1993-94, Ukrainian Premier League 1996-97, Ukrainian Premier League 1997-98, Ukrainian Premier League 1998-99, Ukrainian Premier League 1999-2000, Ukrainian Premier League 2000-01, Ukrainian Premier League 2002-03, Ukrainian Premier League 2003-04, Ukrainian Premier League 2006-07, Ukrainian Premier League 2008-09
- Ukrainian Cup
- - Winners: (7) 1995 Ukrainian Cup Final, 1997 Ukrainian Cup Final, 2000-01 Ukrainian Cup, 2001-02 Ukrainian Cup, 2003-04 Ukrainian Cup, 2008 Ukrainian Cup Final, 2011 Ukrainian Cup Final
- - Runners-Up: (4) 2002-03 Ukrainian Cup, 2004-05 Ukrainian Cup, 2007 Ukrainian Cup Final, 2009 Ukrainian Cup Final
- Ukrainian Super Cup
- - Winners: (3) Ukrainian Super Cup Historical Overview, Ukrainian Super Cup Historical Overview, Ukrainian Super Cup Historical Overview
- - Runners-Up: (3) Ukrainian Super Cup Historical Overview, Ukrainian Super Cup Historical Overview, Ukrainian Super Cup Historical Overview

Europe

- UEFA Cup
- - Winners: (1) 2009 UEFA Cup Final

- UEFA Super Cup
- - Runners-Up: (1) 2009 UEFA Super Cup

Unofficial

- Channel One Cup (football)
- - Winners: 2006

- La Manga Cup
- - Winners: 2007

- Uhrencup
- - Winners: 2009

- Copa del Sol
- - Winners: 2010 (2010 Copa del Sol)

- Special award from the IFFHS for making the biggest progress of the decade, 2011.

Players

Squad is as of March 1, 2012.

For recent transfers, see 2010–11 FC Shakhtar Donetsk season.




Reserve squad





Out on loan




Current coaching staff



Notable former players

Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Shakhtar.

Ukraine, USSR and former USSR countries
- Syarhyey Hyerasimets
- Timofei Kalachev
- Giorgi Chikhradze
- Tornike Okriashvili
- Mikheil Potskhveria
- Andrejs Štolcers
- Armands Zeiberliņš
- Dainius Gleveckas
- Viktor Onopko
- Viktor Chanov
- Yuriy Degterev
- Viktor Grachyov
- Andrei Kanchelskis
- Anatoly Konjkov
- Viktor Hrachov
- Valery Lobanovsky
- Nikolai Parshin
- Yury Sevidov
- Vitaliy Starukhin
- Serhiy Atelkin
- Aleksei Bakharev
- Oleksiy Byelik
- Dmytro Chygrynskiy
- Oleksiy Gai
- Oleksandr Hladky
- Rustam Khudzhamov
- Vasyl Kobin
- Valeriy Kriventsov
- Oleksandr Kucher
- Volodymyr Mykytyn
- Serhiy Nahorniak

- Hennadiy Orbu
- Ihor Petrov
- Serhiy Pohodin
- Serhiy Popov
- Adrian Pukanych
- Andriy Pyatov
- Serhiy Rebrov
- Yevhen Seleznyov
- Vyacheslav Shevchuk
- Sergey Shcherbakov
- Bohdan Shust
- Dmytro Shutkov
- Oleksandr Spivak
- Mykhailo Starostyak
- Vyacheslav Sviderskiy
- Serhiy Tkachenko
- Anatoliy Tymoschuk
- Andriy Vorobey
- Yuri Virt
- Volodymyr Yezerskiy
- Serhiy Zakarlyuka
- Hennady Zubov

Europe
- Predrag Pažin
- Eduardo da Silva
- Stipe Pletikosa
- Darijo Srna
- Tomáš Hübschman
- Cristiano Lucarelli
- Igor Gjuzelov
- Wojciech Kowalewski

- Mariusz Lewandowski
- Marian Aliuţă
- Cosmin Bărcăuan
- Daniel Florea
- Ciprian Marica
- Răzvan Raţ
- Marian Savu
- Flavius Stoican
- Bojan Neziri
- Predrag Ocokoljić
- Zvonimir Vukić
- Igor Duljaj
- Milan Jovanović (footballer born 1981)
- Muamer Vugdalič
- Tolga Seyhan

South and North America

- Marcelo Moreno Martins
- Elano Blumer
- Fernandinho
- Ilson Pereira Dias Junior
- Jádson
- Willian Borges da Silva
- Nery Castillo
- Pedro Benítez
- Damián Rodríguez

Africa
- Julius Aghahowa
- Isaac Okoronkwo
- Assane N'Diaye

Player records


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