is a football (soccer) club from Korea Repulic.
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About FC Seoul
FC Seoul (Korean language: FC 서울) is a South Korean professional football (soccer) club based in Seoul, South Korea, that plays in the K-League. It is currently owned by GS Sports, a subsidiary of GS Group.
Founded as Lucky-Goldstar FC in 1983, FC Seoul have won 4 List of K-League champions titles, 2 K-League Cup and 1 Korean FA Cup. FC Seoul is usually considered a powerhouse and the most popular club in the K-League, with financial backing from the well-known GS Group.
FC Seoul are the reigning 2010 K-League and 2010 K-League Cup winners, and thus, in 2010, completed their first Double (association football) in history.
The club is currently managed by FC Seoul legend Choi Yong-Soo.
Founding and early years (1983–1989)
FC Seoul was founded on 22 December 1983, and started out in 1984 as Lucky-Goldstar Football Club, owned and financially supported by the Lucky-Goldstar Group (now LG Group), with the Chungcheong region as its franchise and Hwangso (meaning bull) as its mascot.
In order to launch the professional football club, Lucky-Goldstar Group had a preparation period from 1982 and demanded that original franchise should be Seoul. In the 1984 K-League, the club finished seventh out of the eight clubs. The club fared better in the 1985 K-League when they won the Championship with the help of Thailand national football team player Piyapong Pue-On, who was the K-League Top Scorer Award, as well as the K-League Top Assistor Award.
Moving to Seoul and then to Anyang (1990–2003)
At the start of the 1990 K-League, the Korean Professional Football League (renamed as the K-League in 1998), worried about the financial stability of the clubs, invited a number of clubs to play in Seoul, the capital and most populous city in South Korea. Thus, the Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso, which had always wanted to be based in the capital, moved to Dongdaemun Stadium in Seoul at the beginning of 1990.
The move proved to be prosperous for the club, as it finished the year as champions. The club changed its name to LG Cheetahs in 1991 to mirror the LG Twins, a professional baseball team also owned by LG Group. After several seasons in Seoul, the club was forced to move in 1996, as part of the K-League's decentralization policy. This policy was carried out to stimulate the growth of football in the provinces. In addition, in 1995, Korea was bidding to host the 2002 FIFA World Cup. This warranted the construction of a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul. The three clubs based in Seoul – LG Cheetahs, Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma, and Jeju United did not want to recognize the K-League's decentralization policy. Ultimately, it proved necessary for the Korean government to issue an eviction order to the disaffected clubs. However, the government did guarantee if the clubs built a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul, the clubs could have a Seoul franchise and return to Seoul. As a result, 3 clubs were evicted from Seoul to other cities. This entailed the move of the LG Cheetahs to the city of Anyang, Gyeonggi, a satellite town of Seoul, 21 km away. The club was now known as the Anyang LG Cheetahs. In the upcoming years, a solid base of supporters was formed, and it established a strong league rivalry with the Suwon Samsung Bluewings. This rivalry was partly fueled by the fact that LG Group and Samsung, which owned the Suwon club, were also considered rivals in the business world, especially in electronics. The club continued to grow and in 2000 K-League, they won their third Championship, behind the firepower of striker Choi Yong-Soo.
Returning to Seoul (2004)
For the 2002 FIFA World Cup in Korea and Japan, 10 brand new stadiums of World Cup standards were built in Korea. After the World Cup, the Korean World Cup Organizing Committee and the Korea Football Association actively supported the move of regional K-League clubs into the new stadia. This was designed to avoid or at least minimize any financial losses through having to maintain a stadium in playing condition without regular income. However, due to the previous decision by the K-League to exclude any member club from being based in Seoul, Seoul World Cup Stadium remained vacant, except as a host of some international friendlies. Thus, the Seoul Metropolitan Government and the KFA both actively sought for a K-League club to play at the stadium to take on the cost of maintaining the stadium. Initially, it was intended to create a new club, but when it later transpired that any club playing in Seoul World Cup Stadium would have to pay partially for the construction fees of the stadium, this would have placed an unreasonable burden on a fledgling club. Thus, the KFA tried to lure one of the current clubs to Seoul. The Anyang LG Cheetahs, with the financial backing of the LG Group, who not only viewed the moved back to Seoul as a way to increase its advertising presence, but had the right to come back to Seoul because it had its franchise moved by force in 1996, as part of the K-League's decentralization policy. announced in February 2004 that it would pay the share of the construction fees (which turned out to be 15 billion wons, or at that time 15 million USD). This proposed move provoked a significant amount of controversy from the korean football fans. KFA and K-League failed to launch new football club based in Seoul. Because many companies gave up due to Seoul franchise fee. So KFA and K-League permitted relocation of Anyang LG Cheetahs.
Şenol Güneş years (2007–2009)
Şenol Güneş managed FC Seoul for a three year period from December 8, 2006. The club started the 2007 K-League with 3 consecutive wins and a draw, and a spectacular result in the Seoul–Suwon derby match with FC Seoul defeating Suwon Samsung 4–1. But mid-season, it began to fall apart through injuries to key players. Following a draw with Gwangju Sangmu in round 16, FC Seoul was defeated 1–0 by Suwon Samsung . 80% of the regular squad was injured and FC Seoul failed to qualify for the play-off phase of the season. However, they succeeded in getting into the final of the K-League Cup. The second season under Güneş was different. There were no major injuries and although Park Chu-Young, the ace of FC Seoul, was transferred to Ligue 1 club AS Monaco, the double dragons of FC Seoul (Ki Sung-Yong, Lee Chung-Yong) made big progress and Dejan Damjanović scored 14 goals. This resulted in a second place finish in the K-League 2008 K-League, and progress to the 2008 K-League Championship. FC Seoul defeated Ulsan Hyundai in the play-off semi-final but was defeated by Suwon in the final. Despite the loss, the club still qualified for the 2009 AFC Champions League. The Şenol Güneş era ended on November 25, 2009, with the manager returning to Trabzonspor.
FC Seoul's 2009 AFC Champions League campaign began with a 2–1 win over Indonesian side Sriwijaya FC. However, 3 winless matches followed with losses to Gamba Osaka and Shangdong Luneng and a 1–1 draw again against Luneng. It looked impossible for Seoul to qualify for the Round of 16, but a dramatic come-from-behind victory over reigning champion Gamba Osaka and Sriwijaya's unexpected victory over Shandong Luneng meant FC Seoul finished in second place in 2009 AFC Champions League Group F. On June 24, 2009, FC Seoul beat Kashima Antlers 5–4 on penalties after a 0–0 draw in the AFC Champions League Round of 16 clash and advanced to the 2009 AFC Champions League knockout stage Quarter-finals, but were beaten 4–3 on aggregate by Qatari club Umm-Salal. FC Seoul's appearance in the AFC Champions League was its first since the AFC Champions League Asian Club Championship Era (1985/86–2001/02).
Nelo Vingada year (2010)
FC Seoul appointed Nelo Vingada as manager on December 14, 2009. Vingada won the 2010 K-League and 2010 K-League Cup with FC Seoul. FC Seoul had 20 wins, 2 draws, and 6 losses in the 2010 season under Vingada's management.
FC Seoul recorded an attendance of 60,747 against Seongnam Ilhwa on May 5, 2010 at Seoul World Cup Stadium, this is the highest single-match attendance record in South Korean professional sports history. FC Seoul also recorded the single-season (League, K-League Championship, K-League Cup) highest total attendance record – 546,397 and the single-regular & post season (League, K-League Championship) highest average attendance record of 32,576.
On December 13, 2010, FC Seoul wanted to extend Vingada's 1 year contract but FC Seoul and Vingada could not come to an agreement over the salary conditions, resulting in Vingada returning home to Portugal.
On August 25, 2010, FC Seoul beat Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 3–0 to become the 2010 K-League Cup winner. FC Seoul were also crowned K-League champions as a 2–1 win over Jeju United in the second leg of the play-off series final saw them triumph 4–3 on aggregate in K-League Championship final, thus, achieving their first double in FC Seoul's history. The crowd of 56,769 at the 2nd leg also set the record of the highest attendance in K-League Championship history.
Choi Yong-Soo years (2012-present)
FC Seoul legend Choi Yong-Soo was chosen to manage the club from 2012, after previously serving as the assistant manager and caretaker of the club.
Colours and crest
FC Seoul's original main colour was yellow. Because Lucky-Goldstar Group's company colour was (at the time) yellow. But red was also FC Seoul's original colour.
FC Seoul wore both yellow jersey and red colour jerseys in home matches from 1984 to 1986.
In 1995, Lucky-Goldstar Group pushed ahead with Corporate identity unification and the company colour was changed to red. So FC Seoul's jersey colour was changed from yellow to red as part of the unification project.
From 1999 to 2001, FC Seoul wore red and blue stripes but returned to all red in the 2002 season.
In 2005, FC Seoul changed to red and black stripes and this colour has been in use since.
Out on loan & military service
– 12th man (football)
2012 season transfers
U-18 Team (Dongbuk High School FC) Squad
For details on U-18 Team, see Dongbuk High School FC.
As of 2011
Current notable players
- Choi Tae-Uk (2000–2003, 2010–present)
- Ko Myong-Jin (2003–present)
- Ko Yo-Han (2004–present)
- Moon Ki-Han (2008–present)
- Kim Yong-Dae (2010–present)
- Hyun Young-Min (2010–present)
- Ha Dae-Sung (2010–present)
- Choi Hyun-Tae (2010–present)
- Kim Tae-Hwan (2010–present)
- Adilson dos Santos (2006–present)
- Dejan Damjanović (2008–present)
- Mauricio Molina (2011–present)
Former notable players
– K-League's principle of official statistics is that final club succeeds to predecessor club's history & records.
– K-League and K-League Cup appearances are only counted, not included AFC Champions League and Korean FA Cup
– Year- = Retired player
- Lee Yong-Soo (25 Apps, 1984- )
- Han Moon-Bae (75 Apps, 1984–1986- )
- Cho Young-Jeung (52 Apps, 1984–1987- )
- Park Hang-Seo (115 Apps, 1984–1988- )
- Jung Hae-Seong (118 Apps, 1984–1989- )
- Kang Deuk-Soo (139 Apps, 1984–1989- )
- Kim Hyun-Tae (114 Apps, 1984–1991- )
- Choi Jin-Han (151 Apps, 1985–1991- )
- Cho Min-Kook (139 Apps, 1986–1992- )
- Gu Sang-Bum (158 Apps, 1986–1993- )
- Cha Sang-Kwang (149 Apps, 1986–1991, 1995- )
- Lee Young-Jin (footballer) (220 Apps, 1986–1995, 1997- )
- Choi Soon-Ho (28 Apps, 1988–1990- )
- Choi Young-Jun (footballer) (177 Apps, 1988-1994- )
- Yoon Sang-Chul (300 Apps, 1988–1997- )
- Cho Byung-Young (178 Apps, 1988-1997- )
- Lee Young-Ik (190 Apps, 1989–1997- )
- Park Jung-Bae (111 Apps, 1990–1993- )
- Choi Dae-Shik (166 Apps, 1990–1995- )
- Seo Jung-Won (84 Apps, 1992–1997- )
- Kim Bong-Soo (footballer) (106 Apps, 1992–1999- )
- Kim Pan-Keun (100 Apps, 1994–1997- )
- Choi Yong-Soo (148 Apps, 1994–2000, 2006- )
- Lee Sang-Hun (75 Apps, 1998–2003- )
- Kim Sung-Jae (203 Apps, 1999–2005- )
- Lee Young-Pyo (70 Apps, 2000–2002)
- Valeri Sarychev (127 Apps, 2000–2004- )
- Kim Dong-Jin (128 Apps, 2000–2006, 2011)
- Park Yong-Ho (166 Apps, 2000–2011)
- Lee Jung-Soo (31 Apps, 2002–2004)
- Kim Chi-Gon (182 Apps, 2002–2009)
- Lee Eul-Yong (84 Apps, 2003–2004, 2006–2008)
- Jung Jo-Gook (209 Apps, 2003–2010)
- Kim Eun-Jung (133 Apps, 2004–2008)
- Lee Chung-Yong (68 Apps, 2004–2009)
- Baek Ji-Hoon (37 Apps, 2005–2006)
- Kwak Tae-Hwi (54 Apps, 2005–2007)
- Lee Min-Sung (87 Apps, 2005–2008- )
- Park Chu-Young (87 Apps, 2005–2008)
- Kim Byung-Ji (84 Apps, 2006–2008)
- Ki Sung-Yueng (80 Apps, 2006–2009)
- Kim Han-Yoon (131 Apps, 2006–2010)
- Lee Seung-Yeoul (104 Apps, 2008–2011)
- Piyapong Pue-on (43 Apps, 1984–1986- )
- Arsenio Luzardo (18 Apps, 1992–1993- )
- Jeaustin Campos (19 Apps, 1995–1996- )
- Serhiy Skachenko (51 Apps, 1996–1997- )
- Oleg Elyshev (83 Apps, 1997–1999- )
- Mutamba Kabongo (109 Apps, 1997–2000- )
- Ricardo Nascimento (71 Apps, 2005–2007- )
- Kiki Musampa (5 Apps, 2008)
- Server Djeparov (33 Apps, 2010–2011)
- Andre Luiz Alves Santos (96 Apps, 2000–2002)
- Ricardo Campos da Costa (147 Apps, 2000–2004)
- Grafite (9 Apps, 2003)
- Renaldo Lopes da Cruz (11 Apps, 2004)
- Eduardo Francisco de Silva Neto (33 Apps, 2006–2007)
All-time overseas transfers
- - Winners (4) : 1985 K-League, 1990 K-League, 2000 K-League, 2010 K-League
- - Runners-up (5) : 1986 K-League, 1989 K-League, 1993 K-League, 2001 K-League, 2008 K-League
- K-League Cup
- - Winners (2) : 2006 K-League Cup, 2010 K-League Cup
- - Runners-up (4) : 1992 K-League Cup, 1994 K-League Cup, 1999 K-League Cup, 2007 K-League Cup
- Korean FA Cup
- - Winners (1) : 1998 Korean FA Cup
- Korean National Football Championship
- - Winners (1) : 1988
- Korean Super Cup
- - Winners (1) : 2001
- - Runners-up (1) : 1999
- AFC Champions League
- - Runners-up (1) : 2001–02 Asian Club Championship
- Double (association football)
- - K-League and K-League Cup (1) : 2010 FC Seoul season