is a football (soccer) club from Brazil.
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Fluminense Football Club is a sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Founded in the beginning of the 20th century as a single-sport institution, Fluminense is today an umbrella organization for several teams in more than 16 different sport activities. The most popular endeavor of Fluminense, however, continues to be Association football. This article concerns itself with Fluminense solely as a Professional sport football club.
The Tricolor was the first successful organization in the state of Rio de Janeiro established specifically for football, and has been the inspiration for several other clubs in Brazil and in other countries. It adopted the colors of maroon, green and white.
In the 1920s the club was considered an "entity of federal public utility" by Decree nº 5044 with date of October 28, 1926, published by the (Brazilian government's official gazette) on November 10, 1926, after having won their first international competition (the Vulcain Cup) in 1928.
Fluminense Football Club has contributed the fifth most players to the Brazil national team. The Rio de Janeiro government decreed November 12 "Fluminense Football Club Day" by law (nº 5094) on September 27, 2007. With the largest number of Campeonato Carioca titles in the 20th century (28), the club is known as the "Campeonato Carioca".
Fluminense Football Club was founded on July 21, 1902 in Rio de Janeiro by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian people of British people heritage. Fluminense was formed by sons of the elite who had come into contact with football while studying in Europe. The first official match was played against now defunct Rio FC, and ended 8-0 for Fluminense. One year later, Afrânio Antônio da Costa, a Fluminense Shooting sports athlete, won the first medal for Brazil in the history of the Olympic Games.
By 1924, Fluminense had 4,000 members, a stadium for 25,000 people, and facilities that impressed clubs in Europe. Nonetheless, Fluminense's long association with the rich tainted its history with racism. In an unfortunate event in 1914, Carlos Alberto, a mulatto playing for Fluminense decided to cover himself in Face powder to disguise the colour of his skin. This ultimately led to one of the club's nicknames, pó de arroz
, which is the Portuguese for 'white powder'. After 1925, Fluminense began pressuring for the professionalization of football, International acclaim came in 1949 with the awarding of the Olympic Cup, and was further fostered in 1952 with Fluminense's first intercontinental honour, the Copa Rio (International). only to be relegated the next year. Completely out of control, the club was relegated from Série B to Série C in 1998. In 1999, Fluminense won the Série C championship and was to be promoted to Série B when it was invited to take part in Copa João Havelange, a championship that replaced the traditional Série A in 2000. In 2001, it was decided that all clubs which took part in Copa João Havelange's so-called Copa João Havelange Group Blue should be kept in Série A, and so Fluminense Football Club found its way back to the top, where it has been ever since.
In 2002 and 2005, Fluminense won again the Campeonato Carioca. In 2005 Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil again, having lost the final Match to Paulista Futebol Clube.
In 2007, Fluminense won the Copa do Brasil, after beaten Figueirense in the final Match, and was admitted in the Copa Libertadores again after 23 years. The club's campaign led it into the finals and included remarkable matches against Arsenal de Sarandí, São Paulo Futebol Clube and Boca Juniors. Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito in a penalty shootout.
After signing up 27 players and going through 5 different managers in 2009, Fluminense found itself struggling to avoid another relegation from Série A. With less than one-third of the championship left, the mathematical probability of the club's relegation was of 98%. At this point, manager Alexi Stival decided to sack some of the more experienced players and gave Fluminense's youngsters a chance. That, along with Frederico Chaves Guedes's recovery from a serious injury and substantial support from the fans, allowed not only a sensational escape from relegation, but also placed Fluminense in the final of the Copa Sudamericana. For the second year in a row, the club contested a continental cup. In a repeat of the previous year's Copa Libertadores, Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito.
In 2010, Fluminense won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2010 for the third time in its history, marking their third national championship after 1970 and 1984). It was also the fourth title for coach Muricy Ramalho in a decade: Ramalho had won the title three times in a row with São Paulo Futebol Clube from 2006 to 2008. Darío Conca was named the Brazilian Championship's Player of Season, while Frederico Chaves Guedes and Washington Stecanela Cerqueira were decisive players in Fluminense's winning campaign.
Fluminense Football Club took part in 36 of the 38 official Campeonato Brasileiro Serie A championships organized in Brazil since 1971. Since the number of participating teams has changed considerably over time, any accurate performance measurement must take this variable into account. In the two tables below, the performance field for a given position p
in a Universe (mathematics) of n
teams was calculated using the formula:
This allows for an Asymptote limit of 100%, since p
will never be zero.
Fluminense Football Club has an average performance of 57% in Série A, with a standard deviation of 28%.
Companies that Fluminense Football Club currently has sponsorship deals with include:
- Unimed - It is the club's sponsor since 1999.
- Adidas - The company supplies football team kits, as well as Olympic sports equipment.
LARGEST PUBLIC - MARACANÃ
- 1. Flamengo Fluminense 0-0, 1963 194 603 ¹
- 2. Flamengo Fluminense 3-2, 1969 171 599
- 3. Flamengo Fluminense 0-0, 1976 155 116
- 4. Flamengo Fluminense 1-0, 1984 153 520
- 5. Fluminense 1-1 Corinthians, 146 043 1976
¹: paying 177,656, a record of persons present at the Maracana club.
Higher means of public competition for Fluminense
- Largest average attendance in the Copa Libertadores (RJ): 52,801 (49,011 pags., 2008)
- Largest average attendance in the Copa Sudamericana (RJ): 29,357 (27,318 pags., 2009)
- Largest average attendance in international tournaments (RJ): 48,797 (37,541 pags., Copa Rio, 1952)
- Largest average attendance in national championships (RJ): 43,541 pags. (1976)
- Largest average attendance in the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (RJ): 40,408 pags. (1970)
- Largest average attendance in the Brazil Cup (RJ): 27,123 pags. (2007)
- Largest average attendance in the Rio-Sao Paulo Tournament (RJ): 33,018 pags. (1960)
- Largest average attendance in the state championship: 47,814 pags. (1969, all stages)
- Largest average attendance in the state championship in the Maracana Stadium: 93,560 pags. (1969, 10 Matches)
The supporters of Fluminense Football Club are usually related to the upper classes of Rio de Janeiro. However, the popularity of the club reaches beyond the city limits. Recent polls have estimated the number of supporters to be between 1.3% and 3.7% of the Demographics of Brazil. Considering a population of 185 million people, that would account for numbers between 2.73 and 6.84 million.
The best attendance ever observed in a match of Fluminense was registered on December 15, 1963 in a rally against Flamengo. On that day, an impressive amount of 194,000 people showed up at the Estádio do Maracanã stadium. This occasion remains as the stadium's record for a match between clubs.
Notable supporters of Fluminense include composers Cartola and Chico Buarque, FIFA president of honour João Havelange, musician Ivan Lins, poet and actor Mario Lago, journalist and songwriter Nelson Motta, 1970 FIFA World Cup winner Gérson, A.C. Milan's top defense player Thiago Silva (footballer), former Ministry of Culture (Brazil) and international artist Gilberto Gil, Silvio Santos, the owner of Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão, the second largest Brazilian television network, and the Academy Award nomenee Fernanda Montenegro.
- Grandpa Derby, played with Botafogo;
- Fla-Flu, also called Classic of Crowds, played with Flamengo;
- Giants' Classic, played with Vasco;
- Fluminense vs. America, played with America;
- Vs Fluminense. Bangu, the Bangu Atlético Clube.
According to the file fluzao.info site, the average public paying the principal classics of Fluminense played in the Maracana Stadium is 60,107 against Flamengo, Vasco against the 43,735 of 34,359 against Botafogo of 25,127 against America and of 22,527 against Bangu, medium plus the public that these gifts could be about 20% higher, given the issues of the distribution of gratuities in the Maracana Stadium.
Corinthians vs Fluminense, the great classic interstate Fluminense
Considering the interstate clashes, the derby against Sport Club Corinthians Paulista is perhaps the most representative among the various confrontations with big Brazilian clubs played for Fluminense, given the fact that these clubs often intersect at decisive moments in their stories, either by the end Rio Cup, the direct contest in several Tournaments Rio-São Paulo since 1940, or by the qualifying rounds of the Championship or Cup of Brazil, in the great struggle of the Brazilian Football Championship 2010 when the two clubs played the title since the beginning of the championship with Corinthians having lost the Championship to Cruzeiro in the final round, as did the reverse in 2011, when the Corinthians was the champion and the Tricolor, a champion of the symbolic second round of the Brazilian, the third, with nine matches in the history of this classic provides more than 55,000 fans at Maracana stadium or the Morumbi, with an average attendance of 30,266 at the Maracana paying until August 2009.
Players with Dual Nationality
- Ricardo Ferreira Berna
- Manuel Lanzini
- Diego Cavalieri
- Alejandro Martinuccio
Out or Loan
Fluminense Sub-23 players with first team experience
Fluminense Youth Team
Professional players able to play in the youth team
Youth players with first team experience
As of September 2009, Fluminense Football Club was undergoing serious political turmoil, with no clearly defined chain of command.
- File:Brasao Estado RiodeJaneiro Brasil2.svgCarioca Champion of the Twentieth Century- :
- For have been the Rio club with the most state titles in the last century.
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
- The south of Taça Brasil
- Torneio Rio-São Paulo
- Copa Rio (International): 1
- Seoul Olympic Tournament
- Teresa Herrera Trophy
- Copa Ciudad Viña del Mar
- Torneio Internacional de Verão do Rio de Janeiro
- Tournament of Paris
- Kiev Tournament; 1
- 1 Vulcain Cup (Fluminense vs. Sporting Club de Portugal (Portugal): 1928
- 1 Avellaneda Cup (Fluminense vs Racing Club de Avellaneda (Argentina):- 1948
- 1 Embajada de Brasil Cup (Peru): 1950 (Sucre versus Fluminense)
- 1 Alianza Lima Cup (Peru): 1950 (Club Alianza Lima versus Fluminense)
- 1 General Manuel A. Odria Cup (Peru): 1950 (Seleção de Arequipa versus Fluminense)
- 1 Cup Deportivo Saprissa versus Fluminense (Costa Rica): 1960
- 1 Emboteladora Cup Tampico (México): 1960 (Tampico versus Fluminense)
- 1 Casa Lido Cup (Moçambique) : 1973 (Seleção de Lourenço Marques versus Fluminense)
- 1 Cup (Angola): 1973 (Benfica Huambo versus Fluminense)
- 1 Robinwood Cup(Suriname): 1981 (Sport Vereniging Robinhood - versus Fluminense)
- 1 João HavelangeCup: 1981 (Fluminense versus Club Atlético River Plate)
- 1 Trophy de La Amistad (Paraguai) : 1984 (Club Cerro Porteño versus Fluminense)
- 1 Trophy Champions od Friendship (Luanda, Angola): 1985 (Atlético Petróleos Luanda versus Fluminense)
- 1 Trophy Centenário Fluminense F.C.: 2002 (Fluminense versus Deportivo Toluca-México)
Trophies of the Fluminense Football Club, see RSSSF.
Notable former players
The most notable players for Fluminense Football Club so far have been:
- Ademir Marques de Menezes
- Benedito de Assis da Silva
- Cláudio Ibrahim Vaz Leal
- Carlos Alberto Torres
- Carlos José Castilho
- Darío Conca
- Denílson Custódio Machado
- Valdir Pereira
- Edino Nazareth Filho
- Félix Miéli Venerando
- Flávio Minuano
- Frederico Chaves Guedes
- Gérson de Oliveira Nunes
- Luiz Ribeiro Pinto Neto
- Jair Marinho
- Antônio Manfrini Neto
- Marcelo Vieira da Silva Júnior
- Marco Antônio
- Marcos Carneiro de Mendonça
- Orlando de Azevedo Viana
- Oswaldo Gomes
- Paulo César Lima
- Carlos Alberto Pintinho
- João Coelho Netto
- Julio César Romero
- Renato Portaluppi
- Ricardo Gomes
- Roberto Rivellino
- Romeu Pellicciari
- Wilson Gomes
- Telê Santana da Silva
- Thiago Emiliano da Silva
- Elba de Pádua Lima
- Waldo Machado da Silva
- Washington César Santos
- Washington (footballer)
- Henry Welfare