is a football (soccer) club from Croatia.
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About Hajduk Split
HNK Hajduk Split is a Croatian football (soccer) club, one of the three most popular football clubs in the country. Hajduk is based in the city of Split (city), Croatia.
Their nicknames are "Bili" (The Whites) and "Majstori s mora" (Masters from the sea). Hajduk is one of the most successful teams in the former Yugoslavia and Croatia, having won 9 Yugoslav First League titles, 6 Prva HNL titles, 1 Banovina of Croatia title, 1 Socialist Republic of Croatia title, 5 Croatian Cups, 5 Croatian Supercups and 9 Yugoslav Cups.
The team's traditional home colours are white shirts alongside with blue shorts and socks. Hajduk Split's home ground since 1979 is the 35,000-seater Poljud football stadium in Split (originally 50,000), where it has played since 1979. Hajduk Split holds long-standing rivalries with other football clubs, most notably Dinamo Zagreb from Zagreb, with matches between the two teams referred to as "Eternal derby (Croatia)".
The club was founded in the famous, centuries-old pub U Fleků in Prague (then also part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) by a group of students from Split: Fabijan Kaliterna, Lucijan Stella, Ivan Šakić and Vjekoslav Ivanišević. They attended the pub following a match between AC Sparta Prague and SK Slavia Praha and decided it was time their own town founded its professional club. They all knew how popular the sport was in Split (their home), and how well their friends there played.
The club was officially registered with the authorities on February 13, 1911. When trying to figure out a name for the club, the students went to an old teacher Josip Barač for advice, and according to accounts he told them to take the name "Hajduk" which symbolized "that is best in our people: bravery, humanity, friendship, love of freedom, defiance to powers, and protection of the weak. Be worthy of that great name."
Hajduks were romanticized bandits that fought the rule of the Ottoman Turks. It is speculated that famed hajduk Andrija Šimić, who triumphantly arrived in Split in 1902 to cheering crowds (after a long stint in an Austrian prison), was perhaps the inspiration for the name.
Hajduk gathered the pro-Croat party of citizens of Split, Croat unionists or puntari. That is why the club specifically has the name "hrvatski nogometni klub" (Croatian football club) and has the Croatian crest in its logo. The club itself was against the Austrian-Hungarian government's policy of not allowing the unification of the Croatian provinces and keeping them separated (the government and the emperor did not allow the reunion of Dalmatia with the rest of Croatia). Hajduk's first opponent was Calcio Spalato, the club of an autonomist party who lived in Split (city), and the match ended a score 9:0 (6:0) for Hajduk.
The first to score for Hajduk was Šime Raunig.
In 1912, Hajduk played its first match in Zagreb against the football club HAŠK, and lost 3-2. The first international match against an eminent opponent was in 1913 against the Czech squad Slavia Prague, which at that time one of strongest squads in Europe. Hajduk ended up losing the game 1-13 (0-13). After the formation of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, Hajduk first played in a Yugoslavian league in 1923, but they did not have a good record at the end of the season. Later, Hajduk defeated the Olympique Marseille with 3-2 in his first international match. In 1933, eleven years after their first meeting, Hajduk defeated HASK 7-1.
Hajduk reached its first period of glory in the late twenties, when it won two Yugoslav championships (1927, 1929), which allowed them to play in the Central European Cup.
Some of the most best players during this time were Leo Lemešić and Vladimir Kragić. During the Yugoslav Partisans the adjective "Croatian" in "Croatian Football Club" was forcibly replaced by the adjective "Yugoslav" to the dismay of the team. Furthermore, the 1930s proved disastrous for Hajduk, as they won no tournaments or championships, and only had some success with foreign matches. They did manage to win one title during the Banovina of Croatia era in 1940-41.
After the capitulation of Italy in 1943, the Yugoslav Partisans temporarily liberated Split and disarmed the Italian garrison, but the Germans re-occupied the city and granted it to the fascist government of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) they had installed in Zagreb in 1941. The attitude of the club did not change when the NDH authorities attempted to include Hajduk in the Independent State of Croatia Cup; the NDH earned resentment in Split for allying and partitioning them to Italy. With the Allies occupying southern Italy and controlling the Mediterranean, the Adriatic islands became a haven for the resistance (prompting Hajduk's move there in 1944.)
At this time, the club leadership adopted the Partisans' red star as the badge on the white-and-blue club dress. During 1945, Hajduk embarked on a tourney through Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Malta. In Lebanon, Charles de Gaulle gave Hajduk the title of honorary team of Free France.
The Yugoslav era
After World War II, Hajduk continued to play in the Yugoslav championship and Cup. In 1946, they won Croatian championship and established the magazine "Journal of Hajduk". In 1948-1949, Hajduk visited Australia and became the first team from Yugoslavia who played on all continents. It was created by engineering student Vjenceslav Žuvela, who chose the name after the enthusiastic Brazilian fans, and Torcida become the first organized group of supporters in Europe. The following year, the stadium "Stadion Stari plac" was reconstructed.
Consequent seasons showed Hajduk's supremacy, but also the political manipulations to prevent them in winning the championships. For one, Torcida was viewed as a hostile club by the communist authorities, which posed a risk to the national consciousness of the new Yugoslavian state. This caused them to come home late, but instead of a "delay of game" in the championship, they faced losses against OFK Beograd and FK Spartak Zlatibor Voda as their youth team played those games. On 3 April 1955 in Zagreb, Hajduk defeated Dinamo 6–0, which is the biggest win in the derby between two largest Croatian clubs. In 1955, Hajduk won the championship, but the Football Association of Yugoslavia sent Hajduk as the champion to the Zentropa Cup, while FK Partizan was chosen to participate in the first edition of the UEFA Champions League.
From 1970-1980 Hajduk had some of its best years in SFR Yugoslavia. The "Golden Generation" won five consecutive cups and three championships in the 1972 in football (soccer) to 1979 in football (soccer) period. It was the third most successful club in Yugoslavia far outstripping the rest, including NK Dinamo Zagreb. In 1972, they won the title after 16 years, defeating Partizan 4:3 after losing 0:3. At that time they played Petar Nadoveza (who finished his career at the beginning of the decade), goalkeeper Ivan Katalinic (later a successful coach of the team), Dragan Holcer, Jurica Jerković, Luka Peruzović, Vilson Džoni, Brane Oblak, Dražen Mužinić, Ivica Šurjak, Ivan Buljan, Slaviša Žungul and upcoming stars were the brothers Zoran Vujović and Zlatko Vujović. There was the legendary coach Tomislav Ivić, who won three championships and four Cups. With great success in domestic competitions (9 trophies in 10 years) and international competitions, Hajduk lost a semi-final UEFA Cup Winners' Cup match against Leeds United in 1973. They won five consecutive Cups from 1972-1977, and during the 1976 final, defeated Partizan 6-1.
In 1979, Hajduk moved to the newly designed stadium at Poljud. However, the 1980s were noticeably less successful.
Successes abroad was often better than at home, and during that decade Hajduk defeated such teams as Valencia CF, FC Bordeaux, FC Metz, VfB Stuttgart, Torino F.C, Olympique de Marseille and Manchester United (whose defeat in a friendly match on Poljud was one of the biggest guest in the history). Prominent players were Blaz Sliskovic, the popular "Grandma", Zoran Vulic, Aljosa Asanovic, and Ivan Gudelj.
On 8 May 1991, Hajduk won the Yugoslav Cup final, defeating the former 1990-91 European Cup Red Star 1:0 with the only goal scored by Alen Boksic. It was during this time that Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia. Hajduk was finally able to restore its traditional emblem with the Croatian chequy and removed the red star from it.
Hajduk in HNL
In the first four years of Prva HNL Hajduk becomes far more successful than rivals from Zagreb won three league titles, as well as electing and performance in the UEFA Champions League quarter-finals. However, as the team was a great complex, so the club was poorly managed financially, and at that time he was blocked account, which is still a huge burden.
When the Croatian national team won third place at the 1998 World Cup in France, amongst the starting 11, there were 5 former Hajduk players.
For the next five years Hajduk Split stood in the shadow of the wealthier and politically privileged rivals from Zagreb, and the UEFA Champions League was no longer within reach. From the Champions League to the year 2000, not a single trophy was won. After the failure of the domestic and international scene fans began to seek dismissal of administration officials, and circulated the story about the possible privatization of the club, which at that time did not happen. While Dinamo Zagreb(today Dinamo) won titles, Hajduk had problems with the registration of players for the League. Dissatisfaction amongst the fans grew so much that they broke into the premises of the club, causing a change in leadership and promises of new beginnings.
2001 saw Croatia Zagreb fall and Hajduk become champions again. Unfortunately, the financial conditions of the club were dire, and the club was often on the precipice of bankruptcy and collapse.
Before the 2003-04 season, Igor Štimac became the sports director, and he promised Hajduk will go to the Croatian Cup and UEFA Champions League, and sold a few important players and brought lesser ones, arguing the club needed to build itself up. In 2005 Hajduk bought Dinamo's captain Niko Kranjčar and later former Dinamo coach and legend Miroslav Blažević.
With these high profile changes Hajduk entered the season, but soon all club's flaws with with its leadership showed. Hajduk finished fifth without qualifying for the European tournament next year with the rotation of the huge number of players of dubious quality. Three coaches were used and sacked and Igor Stimac left as sports director. Next season, the constant changing of players and coaches took its toll, and Hajduk ended the year on a sour note.
Next, the club purchased big stars such as Igor Tudor and Cernat in hopes of boosting the club, but this strategy did not work, and soon coach Ivan Pudar was fired. After two years Hajduk was again fifth in the championship.
In June 2008, Mate Peroš was elected president of Hajduk. He changed the entire professional staff, and reorganized the administration, and the results were noticeable. Hajduk had its first victory against Dinamo at Maksimir Stadium (2-0) after 5 and a half years, and the first with more than a one goal difference in 48 years.
Hajduk finished that season in 2nd place behind Dinamo Zagreb and played in the final of the Croatian Cup.
Next season Hajduk became joint stock company with Joško Svaguša as new president. Ivica Kalinić came to Hajduk but resigned due to a heart attack. Edoardo Reja was to come to Hajduk, but in February he was signed by Lazio, so Hajduk signed Stanko Poklepović and finished the season in 2nd place again, behind Dinamo, and won the Croatian Cup in the final against HNK Šibenik.
On 12 February 2011, Hajduk celebrated its 100th birthday with a massive celebration in Split and all of Dalmatia with both Hajduk players and fans commemorating 100 years of Hajduk Split. The entire city was decorated with Hajduk banners, flags, posters, and paraphernalia, with a spectacular firework show over Split.
Hajduk's home ground is the Poljud stadium. It has a capacity of 35,000 seats and is one of the two largest stadiums in Croatia. The stadium was built for the 1979 Mediterranean Games. Poljud Stadium was also a venue for 1990 European Athletics Championships and for the 2010 IAAF Continental Cup.
The stadium is affectionately known to the locals as the "Poljudska ljepotica" or "Poljud beauty". Its author, architect Boris Magaš, was chosen among 20 other bids in 1975 architectural competition.
The largest crowd was recorded 1980 at a match against Hamburg SV 52,000 people. Two years later, after the stadium was fully completed its capacity increased to 62,000 spectators at a derby against Dinamo Zagreb.
From 1911-1979. Hajduk played games on a legendary stadium called "Stadion Stari plac", where today their games play rugby club RK Nada. Stadium's first name was "Krajeva njiva". Since Hajduk moved to Poljud, old ground in speech is called in Split (city) called "Stadion Stari plac" or "Staro Hajdukovo" (Old Hajduk's place).
It also hosted a match between Yugoslavia national football team and Netherlands national football team in the UEFA Euro 1972 qualifying tournament. Stadium was located near the hospital. The loudest supporters which would later reestablish the once forbidden name of Torcida Split were situated at the east stands. 3148 games were played on it, 9542 goals were scored, 11 championships and 6 cups were won.
Hajduk is by far the most popular sport team in the Croatian region of Dalmatia. Hajduk also has a strong fan base throughout the rest of Croatia, especially in littoral areas, as well as in Slavonia. They also are a very important part of the region's identity.
Outside of Croatia, Hajduk also has many supporters throughout the rest of the world. It is said that Hajduk has never played a single game anywhere in the world without at least a small group of Torcida in the stands. Countries with huge fan clubs membership include Brazil, Chile New Zealand, Australia, Switzerland, USA and Canada - mostly countries with significant Croat immigration from Dalmatia.
Crest and colors
Hajduk played his first game in uniform with a combined red and white vertical stripes of color, which symbolized the Croatian coat of arms. Austrian former City Council did not want to be in any way manifest Croatianism Split and did not allow club colors to be emergent Croatian tricolor. When banned tricolor went up with the red (Croatia), and blue color (more) and over them in white letters written by Hajduk.
After that, the dominant white shirt, and the main colors consist of white shirts, blue pants and blue socks, a combination that symbolizes the white sails on a blue sea. White color has become a symbol of the club because it is the team Hajduk is a popular nickname 'Bili'. Away kit consists of red and blue shirts with vertical or horizontal stripes (sometimes narrow, sometimes wide), blue pants and blue socks, and symbolizes the color of the Croatian flag. One time for the main colors mentioned combination of navy, white with blue horizontal stripes, but this is the kit worn only 2 times a goalkeeper Stipe Pletikosa.
The third kit was problematic in the election. While UEFA has not introduced compulsory registration of the third jersey, was not even there. One of the possible was the vertically striped white and red shirts as the first game. However, due to the fact that this kit resemblance to the kits of other teams (Red Star Belgrade), which had a negative symbolism, it never came.
Hajduk's crest consists of the Coat of arms of Croatia with 25 red and white checkers bordered with a circle of blue ribbon, with two vertical lines on each side. The words Hajduk
are written above and below the chequy respectively. The modern crest is nearly identical to the one created in 1911.
The original crest was created by Vjekoslav Ivanisevic in 1911. Then, the sister of the Kaliterna brothers Ana took the drawing of the crest to a convent where nuns manually created 20-30 pieces. The crest first appeared in public in 1926 during a performance of Tijardović's Opera Kraljica baluna
as part of scenery. Hajduk first wore the crest on their jerseys in 1941. In 1944, the original design was thrown out in favor of the communist red star. In 1990, the original crest was returned as has been used ever since.
Hajduk Split's supporters, Torcida, were formed on 28 October 1950. They took their name from the Brazilian fan group they idolized, which comes from the Portuguese people 'torcer' which means 'to cheer on'. They are the oldest organized supporters' group in Europe. Supporters popularly call the players of Hajduk 'bili' which in the local Dalmatian dialect means "the whites". "Hajduk lives forever" is the fan's slogan, which testifies to the long and continuing history of name Hajduk.
Torcida members and other fervent fans of the club gather in the north stand at the stadium of Poljud from where they support their club.
The 'Heart of Hajduk Award' is an annual football award which was established in 1994 and is officially awarded by the Hajduk Split supporters' Torcida Split to the Hajduk player of the year, e.g. the team's best performing player during the season.
Today, Hajduk's biggest rivals are NK Dinamo Zagreb, and the matches between the two teams are referred to as "Eternal derby (Croatia)". Matches between Hajduk and NK Rijeka are referred to as Adriatic derby. Former major rivalries used to include Serbian clubs Red Star Belgrade and FK Partizan who along with Hajduk and Dinamo were part of the so called Yugoslav big four
, the biggest and most successful clubs in the former Yugoslavia.
Hajduk is famous for its youth school. It is one of the most prolific producers of high quality footballers which often continue careers in famous European teams. Some of Hajduk's former players include: Alen Bokšić (ex Juventus, Lazio, Middlesbrough), Robert Jarni (ex Juventus, Betis, Real Madrid), Slaven Bilić (ex Karlsruhe, Everton), Igor Štimac (ex West Ham, Derby County), Milan Rapaić (Perugia, Fenerbahçe, Standard Liege), Igor Tudor (Juventus), Ivica Šurjak (ex Paris SG), Luka Peruzović (ex Anderlecht), Aljoša Asanović (ex Derby County, Panathinaikos), Ivan Buljan (ex Hamburger SV) and Zlatko Vujović (ex Bordeaux).
Croatian teams are restricted to fielding at most six foreign players in the first eleven during the domestic league and cup matches. The squad list includes only the principal nationality of each player; players who also hold Croats are specifically noted.
Out on loan
For the academy squad, see HNK Hajduk Split Academy.
For details of former players, see List of HNK Hajduk Split players and :Category:HNK Hajduk Split players.
Current technical staff
Club statistics and records
Hajduk's first competitive game was an 9–0 victory against Calcio Spalato.
Frane Matošić holds Hajduk's overall appearance record; he played 739 matches over the course of 12 seasons from 1944 to 1956. Of the current squad, Srđan Andrić has the most appearances; he played his 164th game for the club early in 2010.
Hajduk's all-time leading scorer in all competitions is Frane Matošić, who scored 729 goals at the club from 1944 to 1956. Zlatko Vujović is Hajduk's all-time leading goalscorer in European competition with 16 goals.
Hajduk's record home attendance is 62,000, for a Yugoslav First League match against NK Dinamo Zagreb on 1982. The record modern (all-seated) attendance is 35,000 for a match against NK Dinamo Zagreb on 1 October 2006.
Hajduk's 14–0 victory over NK Olimpija Ljubljana in 1931 was theirs largest league win. In Prva HNL Hajduk's largest league victory was 10–0 against NK Radnik Velika Gorica in 1994, while their biggest defeat was against NK Varaždin in 2001, 1–5. Hajduk's biggest victory in European competitions was 8–0 against GÍ Gøta in 2002 and while their heaviest defeat, 0–6, came against AFC Ajax in 1993.
, personally signed by Charles de Gaulle