is a football (soccer) club from Germany.
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About Borussia Dortmund
Ballspielverein Borussia (BVB) Dortmund is a Germany sports List of football clubs in Germany based in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia and is best known as one of the most successful clubs in German Association football. In addition to six German football championships and two DFB-Pokal victories, Dortmund won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1966 (becoming the first German team to win a European title) and the UEFA Champions League in 1996–97 UEFA Champions League.
The club was founded on 19 December 1909 by a group of young men unhappy with church-sponsored Trinity Youth
, where they played football under the stern and unsympathetic eye of the local parish priest. Father Dewald was blocked at the door when he tried to break up the organizing meeting being held in a room of the local pub, Zum Wildschütz
. The name Borussia
is Latin for Prussia and was taken from the nearby Borussia brewery. The team began playing in blue and white striped shirts with a red sash, and black shorts. In 1913, they donned the black and yellow stripes so familiar today.
Over the next decades the club enjoyed only modest success playing in local leagues. They had a brush with bankruptcy in 1929 when an attempt to boost the club's fortunes by signing some paid professional footballers failed miserably and left the team deep in debt. They survived only through the generosity of a local supporter who covered the team's shortfall out of his own pocket.
World War II and the postwar
The 30s saw the rise of the Third Reich which restructured sports and football organizations throughout the nation to suit the regime's goals. Borussias president was replaced when he refused to join the Nazism party, and a couple of members who surreptitiously used the club's offices to produce anti-Nazi pamphlets were executed in the last days of the war. The club did have greater success in the newly established Gauliga Westfalen, but would have to wait until after World War II to make a breakthrough. It was during this time that Borussia developed its intense rivalry with FC Schalke 04, the most successful side of the era. Like every other organization in Germany, Borussia was dissolved by the Allied occupation authorities after the war in an attempt to distance the country's institutions from the so-recent Nazi past. There was a short-lived attempt to merge the club with two others – Werksportgemeinschaft Hoesch and Freier Sportverein 98 – as Sportgemeinschaft Borussia von 1898, but it was as Ballspiel-Verein Borussia (
BVB) that they made their first appearance in the national final in 1949 where they lost 2–3 to VfR Mannheim.
First national title
The Oberliga West (1947–63), a first division league which included Borussia
, dominated German football through the late 50s. In 1949 Borussia reached the final in Stuttgart against VfR Mannheim, which they lost 2–3 after extra time. The club claimed its first national title in 1956 with a 4–2 against Karlsruher SC. One year later, Borussia won with exactly the same team their second national title. After this coup the three Alfredos (Alfred Preißler, Alfred Kelbassa and Alfred Niepieklo) were legends in Dortmund. In 1963 Borussia Dortmund won the last final before the Bundesliga started. It was their third national title.
Entry to the Bundesliga
In 1962, the German Football Association met in Dortmund and voted to finally establish a professional football league in Germany to begin play in August 1963 as the Fußball-Bundesliga. Borussia earned its place among the first sixteen sides to play in the new league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga championship. Losing club 1. FC Köln also earned an automatic berth. It was Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka who scored the first-ever Bundesliga goal barely a minute into a match which they would eventually lose 2–3 to SV Werder Bremen.
In 1965, Dortmund captured its first DFB-Pokal. They had a mixed result the next year when they won the European Cup Winners Cup, but surrendered a commanding position atop the Bundesliga by losing four of their last five league games and finishing second, three points behind champions TSV 1860 München. Ironically, much of 1860's success came on the strength of the play of Konietzka, recently transferred there from Dortmund. The 70s were characterized by financial problems and relegation from the Bundesliga in 1972 and the opening of the Westfalenstadion, named after its home States of Germany, Westphalia in 1974. The club earned its return to Bundesliga in 1976, but continued to suffer from financial problems through the 80s. BVB
narrowly avoided being relegated again in 1986 by winning a third decisive play-off-game against SC Fortuna Köln after finishing the regular season in 16th
The club did not enjoy any significant success again until a German Cup win in DFB-Pokal 1988–89.
Golden age – the 1990s
Borussia in 1993 made it to the UEFA Europa League final, which they lost 1–6 on aggregate to Juventus F.C.. In spite of this result, Borussia walked away with Deutsche Mark25 million under the prize money pool system in place at the time for German sides participating in the Cup. Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them a string of honours through the rest of the 1990s.
They won Bundesliga championships in Fußball-Bundesliga 1994–95 and Fußball-Bundesliga 1995–96 — with Matthias Sammer from the '96 side being named Ballon d'Or.
In a memorable 1997 UEFA Champions League Final in Munich, Dortmund faced a Juventus F.C. team featuring Zinedine Zidane. Karl-Heinz Riedle put Dortmund ahead shooting home a cross from Paul Lambert, just below the keeper. Riedle then made it 2 with a bullet header from a corner kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juve. Then 20-year old substitute and local boy Lars Ricken latched on to a through pass by Andreas Möller. Only sixteen seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Angelo Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards with his first touch of the ball. With Zidane unable to make an impression against Lambert's marking, Borussia lifted the trophy with a 3–1 victory.
Borussia then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro Esporte Clube 2–0 in the 1997 Intercontinental Cup Final.
21st century and Borussia "goes public"
At the turn of the millennium, Borussia Dortmund became the first—and so far the only—publicly traded club on the German stock market. Two years later they won their third Bundesliga title. The club had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer 04 Leverkusen, securing the title on the final day. In the same season, Borussia lost the final of the 2002 UEFA Europa League to Dutch side Feyenoord.
Dortmund's fortunes have steadily declined since then. Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion ground. The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the UEFA Champions League 2002–03 when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge K.V.. Borussia was again driven to the brink of bankruptcy in 2005, the original €11 value of its shares having plummeted by over 80% on the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). The response to the crisis included a 20% pay cut to all players.
The team still plays at the leased Westfalenstadion, named after its home region of Westphalia. To raise capital, the stadium was renamed Westfalenstadion, after a local insurance company, in 2006 under a sponsorship agreement that runs until 2011. The stadium is currently the largest football stadium in Germany with a capacity of 80,720 spectators,
Borussia Dortmund display a Star (football crest) on their jerseys identifying them as having won at least three national titles since the start of the Bundesliga in the season 1963–64.The club has to its credit several German championship titles, as well as German Cups and international honours.
Borussia Dortmund's name is attached to a number of Bundesliga records:
- Dortmund was on the receiving end of the worst loss ever in a Bundesliga match when they Borussia Mönchengladbach 12–0 Borussia Dortmund away to Borussia Mönchengladbach on 29 April 1978.
- The club was involved in four of the five Bundesliga matches in which a record twelve goals were scored. They earned an even split at two wins and two losses in those matches.
- On 1 September 1993, BVB and Dynamo Dresden earned a total of five red cards between them. BVB and FC Bayern Munich were carded a record of 15 times in a match played on 7 April 2001.
- The most penalty shots in a match is five in a game played between Borussia Mönchengladbach and Dortmund on 9 November 1965.
- The first goal ever scored in Bundesliga play was by Dortmund's Friedhelm Konietzka against SV Werder Bremen. Werder Bremen won 3–2.
For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2010 and List of German football transfers winter 2010–11.
Players out on loan
Borussia Dortmund II