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Kispest-Honvéd FC

Kispest-Honvéd FC is a football (soccer) club from Hungary.

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About Kispest-Honvéd FC

Budapest Honvéd FC ( is a Hungary sports club from Budapest best known for its football (soccer) team. "Honved" means the Homeland Defense. Originally formed as Kispest AC, they became Kispest FC in 1926 before reverting to their original name in 1944. The team enjoyed a golden age during the 1950s when it was renamed Budapest Honvéd SE and became the Military of Hungary team. The club’s top players from this era, Ferenc Puskás, Sándor Kocsis, József Bozsik and Zoltán Czibor, formed the nucleus of the legendary Hungary national football team team known as the Magical Magyars and helped the club win the Hungarian League four times during the 1950s. During the 1980s and early 1990s the club enjoyed another successful period, winning a further eight Hungarian League titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989. In 1991 the club was renamed Kispest Honvéd FC and adopted its current name in 2003.

When the club was originally formed in 1909 it also organised teams that competed in fencing, cycling, gymnastics, wrestling, Athletics (track and field), boxing and tennis. Later the Honvéd family was extended to include a water polo team, now known as Domino-BHFC and a Team Handball team that were EHF Champions League in 1982.

History

Kispesti AC

The club was founded on August 10, 1908 as Kispesti Atlétikai Club - Athletic Club of Kispest by Dr. Bálint Varga, a teacher. However the club’s earliest members could not agree on a club constitution until August 3, 1909 and this is generally recognised as the club’s foundation date. When the club was originally formed, Kispest was still a village, distinct from the city of Budapest. During the first three decades of its existence, the club was little more than a village team and enjoyed only moderate success, winning a single Hungarian Cup in 1926. During the 1930s the team included Rezső Rozgonyi and Rezső Somlai who both represented Hungary national football team at the 1934 FIFA World Cup squads and Ferenc Puskás I, the father of Ferenc Puskás, and later a coach at the club during the 1940s.

Budapesti Honvéd SE

In 1943 both Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik made their debut for Kispest FC and between 1947 and 1948 the club was coached by the legendary Hungarian coach Béla Guttman. However the club’s golden age really began in 1949 when it was taken over by the Hungarian Ministry of Defence and it became the Military of Hungary team. The man behind the take over was Gusztáv Sebes, the coach of the Hungary national football team. Sebes was inspired by the Austria national football team Wunderteam and the Italy national football team team that won two FIFA World Cup in the 1930s. Both teams were predominantly drawn from one or at most two clubs and Sebes wanted a similar system in Hungary.

In January 1949 when Hungary became a People's Republic of Hungary, the resulting nationalisation of football clubs gave Sebes the opportunity. The two biggest Hungarian clubs at the time were Ferencvárosi Torna Club and MTK Hungária FC. However while the secret police, the State Protection Authority took over MTK, Ferencváros was considered unsuitable because of its right-wing and nationalist traditions. Sebes turned instead to Kispesti AC. The Kispest name was dropped as the village was absorbed into District XIX of Budapest and the club was renamed Budapesti Honvéd SE. The name derives from Honvédség, the name of the Hungarian Army, and the word honvéd, which literally means defender of the homeland is also used to refer to an army Private (rank).

The Mighty Magyars

The Kispest AC team already included Ferenc Puskás and József Bozsik but army conscription now enabled Honvéd to recruit Sándor Kocsis, Zoltán Czibor and László Budai from Ferencváros, Gyula Lóránt from Vasas SC and the goalkeeper Gyula Grosics. Sebes was effectively able to use Honvéd as a training camp for the Hungary national football team. During the early 1950s these Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Magical Magyars, helping Hungary national football team become Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics in 1952, Central European International Cup in 1953, defeat England national football team twice and reach the 1954 FIFA World Cup Final. Although on December 13, 1953 Honved were beaten 3–2 away from home by Wolverhampton Wanderers in a famous Floodlights (sport) fixture that is still talked about to this day.

European Cup

Honvéd itself also benefited, winning the Hungarian League in 1949–50, 1950, 1952, 1954, and 1955. The club’s reputation spread beyond Hungary and on December 13, 1954 they played Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C., the reigning Football League champions, in a prestige friendly. Honvéd were leading 2–0 at half-time, but eventually lost 3–2. It was games like this that led to establishment of the UEFA Champions League in 1955.

In 1956 Honvéd qualified for the second European Cup 1956–57 competition and in the first round they were drawn against Athletic Bilbao. Honvéd lost the away leg 2–3, but before the home leg could be played, the 1956 Hungarian Revolution had collapsed back in Budapest and the Soviet Union had invaded. The players decided against going back to Hungary and arranged for the return game with Atlético to be played at the King Baudouin Stadium in Brussels. However early in the game the Honvéd goalkeeper was injured and, with no substitutes permitted, Zoltán Czibor had to go into goal. Despite drawing 3–3 they went out 6–5 on aggregate.

Honvéd World Tour

Elimination from the European Cup 1956–57 left Honvéd in limbo. The players, declining to return to Hungary, summoned their families from Budapest and, despite opposition from FIFA and the now Soviet Union-controlled Hungarian Football Federation, Béla Guttmann organised a fundraising tour of Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Among the most notable matches were a 5–5 draw with a Madrid XI and a 4–3 win over FC Barcelona. and instead accepted an offer to play in a tournament in Brazil with Clube de Regatas do Flamengo and Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas. By now FIFA had declared the team illegal and banned them from using the Honvéd name. After returning to Europe, the players parted ways. Some, including József Bozsik, László Budai, Gyula Lóránt and Gyula Grosics, returned to Hungary while others, including Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás, found new clubs in Western Europe. Czibor and Kocsis eventually signed for FC Barcelona while Puskás joined Real Madrid.

The Post-Revolution era

The defection of Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis and Ferenc Puskás severely weakened Honvéd and in 1957 they only avoided relegation after the Hungarian Football Federation decide to expand the first division. Despite the emergence of Lajos Tichy and Lajos Kocsis, the post-1956 Hungarian Revolution era was not kind to Honvéd. There only successes came in the Mitropa Cup in 1959, when they beat MTK Hungária FC in the final 6–5 on aggregate, and in 1964 when they won the Hungarian Cup.

The Second Golden Age

In 1980 with Lajos Tichy as coach and a squad that included Imre Garaba, Honvéd won their first Hungarian League title in twenty five years. During the 1980s and early 1990s players such as Kálmán Kovács, Lajos Détári, Béla Illés, Gábor Halmai and István Vincze helped Honvéd win another seven titles. They also won league and cup doubles in 1985 and 1989 and won the Hungarian Cup and in 1996.

Kispest Honvéd FC

In 1991 the club revived the Kispest name and became Kispest Honvéd FC. However the name change marked the beginning of a decline in the club’s fortunes. In 2003 they were relegated, but they returned to the first division the following season. However, Kispest Honvéd Sports Circle Ltd, the company that owned the club, owed millions of Hungarian forints in taxes and in October 2004 went into liquidation. The company practised a policy that treated it’s players as self-employed contractors rather than employees and as result, significantly reduced the club’s tax burden. However the tax authorities objected and were supported by the courts, leaving the club in arrears with no means of paying them. Rival directors argued over who owed how much tax and eventually the Hungarian League intervened. As a result a new club, Budapest Honvéd FC, was formed and allowed to take the place of Kispest Honvéd FC in the first division on the condition that the tax debt was paid off.

In August 2007 the fences in front of the stands were removed at the Bozsik Stadion signalling a new dawn for Hungarian football. Also in 2007, Mihály Tóth (footballer born 1974) returned from Fredrikstad FK and signed a three-year contract with the club.

In the UEFA Cup 2007-08 season Honvéd faced with the Moldovan Nistru Otaci in the first round of the qualifiers. In the first leg Honvéd drew 1-1 away, and at home the result was the same. In the penalty-shootout Honvéd won 5-4. In the second round Honvéd played with the Germans HSV Hamburg. In the first leg Honvéd drew 0-0, while away in the Imtech Arena, in Hamburg they were beaten by 4-0.

In the Intertoto Cup 2008 Honvéd played with the Kazakhs Zhetysu and won both legs. The final result was 2-1 away, while at home Honvéd won 4-2. In the second round Honvéd played with the Czechs Teplice and won 3-1 away, while lost 2-0 at home. As a consequence, Honvéd won on away goals. In the third round the team played with the Austrian Sturm Graz. The first leg finished goalless in Graz, Austria. Both teams made a stand against racism and discrimination. The second match was won by Sturm, therefore Honvéd was eliminated from the Intertoto Cup.

In the 2008-09 Magyar Kupa season Honvéd played in the final against Győri ETO FC. In the first leg Honvéd won 1-0 in Győr, while the second leg finished goalless which resulted the triumph of the team on 1-0 aggregate. As a consequence the team could play in the Europa League.

In the 2009-10 Europa League season Honvéd entered the third round. Honvéd played with the Turkish people Fenerbahce. The first match was won by Fenerbahce by 5-1, while at home the result was 1-1. The team was eliminated on 6-2 aggregate.

Honours

Football

- Hungarian League: 13
- - 1949–50, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993
- Hungarian Cup: 7
- - 1926, 1964, 1985, 1989, 1996, 2007, 2009
- Mitropa Cup: 1
- - 1959
- Trofeo Ciudad de Vigo: 1
- - 1974

Handball

- EHF Champions League: 1
- - 1982

- EHF Men’s Champions Trophy Finalists: 1
- - 1982

Water Polo

- Országos Bajnokság I (men's water polo):
- - Winners: 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006

- Magyar Kupa (men's water polo):
- - Winners: 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1979, 1999, 2006, 2010

- LEN Euroleague:
- - Winners: 2004
- - Runners-up: 2002, 2003, 2005

- LEN European Supercup:
- - Winners: 2004

On loan



Further information: List of Hungarian football transfer summer 2010

Retired numbers


10 – Ferenc Puskás, Second striker (1939–1956) (Since July 2000)

European cup history


UEFA Cup Winners' Cup


UEFA Intertoto Cup


UEFA Cup


UEFA Champions League


Selected former players



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