is a football (soccer) club from Italy.
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Unione Sportiva Foggia is an Football in Italy, based in Foggia, Puglia. The club was founded in 1920. Foggia currently plays in Lega Pro Prima Divisione, having last been in Serie A in 1995.
The team gained nationwide popularity in the 1990s when coached by Zdeněk Zeman because of its attacking, spectacular style of play, which brought Foggia continuously on the verge of UEFA Cup qualification, launching several players who later broke through at international level such as Giuseppe Signori, Francesco Baiano, Brian Roy, Igor Kolyvanov, Igor Shalimov, Roberto Rambaudi and Dan Petrescu.
Foundation and early years
The club was founded in 1920 as Foggia Calcio. The club spent its early history playing football in the lower leagues, winning a championship in the dilettanti
In 1957–58, a merger took place between Foggia Calcio and Foggia Incedit, forming Unione Sportiva Foggia as the club is today. In 1961–62, the team was taken over by President Domenico Rosa Rosa, a wood industrialist, and coach Oronzo Pugliese, who quickly led them to promotion to Serie B.
Reaching Serie A
History was made in the 1963–64 season, when Rosa Rosa and Oronzo Pugliese's Foggia reached Serie A for the first time. From Serie A 1964-65, Foggia managed to compete in three consecutive seasons in the top flight. On 31 January 1965, still under the guidance of coach Pugliese, Foggia recorded a historic 3–2 victory against F.C. Internazionale Milano, who were at the time led by manager Helenio Herrera. The season was crowned by the national call-ups of Micelli and Nocera who played for Italy national football team against Wales national football team. Italy won 4–1 and Nocera managed to get on the scoresheet. At the end of the season, Pugliese left to take charge of A.S. Roma.
Pugliese was replaced by Egizio Rubino, and Foggia, although with more difficulty compared to the previous season, managed to survive the drop again. The following year, however, Foggia was relegated. It wasa forgettable championship, after 10 matches Foggia had collected only three points and scored just 24 goals. Rubino was sacked and replaced by Bonazzini. The team improved under Bonazzini but failed to avoid relegation. At the end of the season, president Rosa Rosa also left the club, following their relegation.
Relegated at the end of the Serie A 1966-67 season, Foggia returned to the top flight in Serie A 1970-71, with Tommaso Maestrelli on the bench. Maestrelli would later win the Serie A 1973-74 with S.S. Lazio. Luigi Del Neri was, at the time, a Foggia player. The club was relegated again and returned to Serie A in 1973–74, before another relegation which came after a 6 point deduction for alleged corruption relating to the referee of a home match against A.C. Milan. The coach that season was Lauro Toneatto. Foggia played two more seasons in Serie A in Serie A 1976-77 and in Serie A 1977-78, when they were once more relegated to Serie B.
Glory years and Zemanlandia
Following their relegation back to Serie B, Foggia were then dealt with a further blow with relegation to Serie C. They battled their way in Serie C1 throughout much of the 1980s. This was a particularly tough time for Foggia as their regional rivals, A.S. Bari, U.S. Lecce, S.S. Barletta Calcio and Taranto Sport were all playing at higher levels.
In 1989, with the appointment of Czechs coach Zdeněk Zeman, the club began to enter the greatest period in its history. The aggressive and entertaining football of the Bohemian coach was based on a 4–3–3 formation. Pressure, offside tactics and frenetic movement of both players and the ball made up the trademark style of Zeman's Foggia. The club first returned to Serie B, and then the following season in Serie B 1990-91, they won the Serie B by a large margin and returned to Serie A.
After returning to Serie A in the Serie A 1991-92 season, Foggia dei Miracoli , as they were known, proved to be competitive with any opponent and was appreciated by the press because of the attractive football they played. The term Zemanlandia was then coined to indicate the style created by Zeman, and became strictly associated to the Foggia team of the 1990s. The Foggia team also featured star players, especially attacking trio of Giuseppe Signori, Francesco Baiano and Roberto Rambaudi, as well as Russian star Igor Shalimov. That season, Foggia achieved the amazing feat of scoring 58 goals while also conceding 58. Foggia soon lost many of these quality players, including their three key forwards, and had to replace them with young talent. The club completed three Serie A campaigns finishing mid-table. In Serie A 1993-94, Foggia's football continued but the depleted squad was no longer as competitive and the club was relegated back to Serie B in 1995.
Zeman left to join S.S. Lazio at the end of that season, marking the end of Zemanlandia whilst the club was beset with financial problems. The Foggia glory days had come to an end.
Decline, Serie C and Zeman's return
Following the drop, Foggia spent two seasons in Serie B achieving mid-table finishes, before another relegation followed at the end of the Serie B 1997-98 season. They did not fare any better down in Serie C1, with another successive relegation to Serie C2.
Playing football in Italy's fourth tier was far less glamorous than the Zemanlandia days but the club set itself on the long road back in 2002–03, when led by coach Pasquale Marino and key players Roberto De Zerbi and Michele Pazienza, they were promoted back to Serie C1.
After the 2003–04 season, in which they finished mid-table but with good signs for the following year, Foggia were hit with financial problems and lost the coach Marino and all the best players.
The news sent the fans into despair but Giuseppe Coccimiglio took over the reins of the club and gave confidence to the new club which assumed the team's historic name, Unione Sportiva Foggia, and was able to keep their place in the league.
After two more seasons finishing in mid-table, during which there were five coaching changes, Coccimiglio was criticised for not paying players' wages, a situation which created instability. After complex negotiations, the company passed into the hands of a team of local entrepreneurs led by Tullio Capobianco.
The club spent the following years mid-table in C1, narrowly losing a promotion playoff in Serie C1 2006-07 against U.S. Avellino which would have seen them return to Serie B. The following season, Serie C1 2007-08, they again reached the playoffs, this time losing to U.S. Cremonese.
On June 2010 Pasquale Casillo, chairman and owner during the glory years of the 1990s, re-acquired the club, and reformed the old trio of Foggia heads by appointing back Zdeněk Zeman as manager and Giuseppe Pavone as director of football.
As of 4 February 2012
Football has always been a popular sport to follow in the city of Foggia, especially since the Zeman years. I Satanelli can also count on support from across the Province of Foggia.
The only twinning Foggia fans have is with the supporters of Cagliari Calcio and more specifically with the Sconvolts 1987
ultras. However, each group has personal friendships, notable are those with Monza, Latina and Budapest Honved.
Foggia have had many managers and trainers throughout the history of a club, in some seasons more than one manager was in charge. Here is a chronological list of them from 1923 onwards.
- Luis Oliveira
- Mario Salgado
- Hernán Medford
- Francesco Baiano
- Pierpaolo Bresciani
- Luigi Di Biagio
- Massimo Marazzina
- Pasquale Padalino
- Roberto Rambaudi
- Flavio Roma
- Delio Rossi
- Andrea Seno
- Giuseppe Signori
- Bryan Roy
- Dan Petrescu
- Igor Kolyvanov
- Igor Shalimov
- Bartosz Salamon
- Robert Englaro
Name: Unione Sportiva Foggia
President: Giuseppe D'amico
Manager: Zdenek Zeman
Address: via Napoli, 2 - 71100 Foggia
Stadium: Pino Zaccheria