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Inter

Inter is a football (soccer) club from Italy.

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About Inter

Football Club Internazionale Milano, commonly referred to as Internazionale and as just Inter in Italy, is an Italy professional Association football club based in Milan, Lombardy, founded in 1908. Inter are the champions of Italy, having retained their crown on 16 May 2009, their fourth successive title.

Inter are the only side in Italian football to have spent their entire history in Serie A, making them the only club that has spent all the seasons in this top tier from its foundation in 1929-30. Playing in Nerazzurri striped shirts with black shorts, they have 17 Serie A titles to their name. Including the Coppa Italia and the Italian Super Cup, Inter have a total of 26 trophies won in Italy. Outside of their homeland, the club have also had success in European and World tournaments; they won the European Champion Clubs' Cup in two successive finals in 1964 European Cup Final and 1965 European Cup Final. They have also won the UEFA Cup three times and the Intercontinental Cup (football) twice also in 1964 and in 1965.

Inter play their home games at the San Siro, also known as the San Siro. The ground, which they share with rivals A.C. Milan, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 80,018. Inter train at the fields of sports center "Angelo Moratti" (better known as La Pinetina) in Appiano Gentile, near Como. The term Inter Milan is sometimes used in foreign countries to differentiate Internazionale from AC Milan but is not used within Italy.

History

Early times

The club was founded on 9 March 1908 as Football Club Internazionale Milano, following a "schism" from the A.C. Milan (43 members). A group of Italians and Switzerland (Giorgio Muggiani, a painter who also designed the club's logo, Bossard, Lana, Bertoloni, De Olma, Enrico Hintermann, Arturo Hintermann, Carlo Hintermann, Pietro Dell'Oro, Hugo and Hans Rietmann, Voelkel, Maner, Wipf, and Carlo Ardussi) were unhappy about the domination of Italians in the AC Milan team, and broke away from them, leading to the creation of Internazionale. From the beginning, the club was open to foreign players and thus lived up to its founding name.

The club won its very first Scudetto (championship) in 1910 and its second in 1920. The captain and coach of the first Scudetto was Virgilio Fossati, who was killed in World War I. In 1922 Inter were in Group B of the Serie A and came in last place after picking up only 11 points in the season. The last place team of each group was to be automatically relegated. The second last place teams were placed in a pre-relegation 'salvation' tournament. Inter and La Gazzetta dello Sport's editor (Colombo) petitioned the FIGC to allow Inter to participate in Serie A the following year as a year in Serie B would have been financially detrimental. The FIGC saved Inter some weeks prior to the season starting by allowing them to remain in Serie A in 1923. Venezia, who had come in 3rd last in Group B ahead of Inter, were relegated in Inter's place. In 1928, during the Fascist era, the club was forced to merge with the Milanese Unione Sportiva and was renamed Ambrosiana SS Milano. They wore white shirts around this time with a red cross emblazoned on it. This shirt design was inspired by the flag and coat of arms of the city of Milan, which in turn is derived from the flag of the patron saint of Milan, St. Ambrose and dates back to the 4th century AD. The new upcoming President Oreste Simonotti decided to change name to A.S. Ambrosiana in 1929. However, supporters continued to call the team "Inter," and in 1931 new president Pozzani caved to shareholder pressure and changed the name to AS Ambrosiania-Inter.

Their first Coppa Italia (Italian Cup) was won in 1938-39, led by the great legend Giuseppe Meazza, after whom the San Siro stadium is officially named, and a fifth league championship followed in 1940, despite an injury to Meazza. After the end of World War II the club re-emerged under a name close to their original one, Internazionale FC Milano, which they have kept ever since.

La Grande Inter

Following the war, Internazionale won their sixth championship in 1953 and the seventh in 1954. Following these titles, Inter were to embark upon the best years of their history, affectionately known as the era of La Grande Inter (The Great Inter). During this period with Helenio Herrera as head coach, the club won 3 league championships in 1963, 1965 and 1966. The most famous moments during this decade also include Inter's 2 back-to-back UEFA Champions League wins. In 1964, Inter won the first of those tournaments, playing against the famous Spanish club Real Madrid C.F.. The next season, playing in their home stadium, the San Siro, they defeated two-time former champions S.L. Benfica.

Following the golden era of the 1960s, Inter managed to win their eleventh league title in 1971 and their twelfth in 1980. Inter were defeated for the second time in five years in the final of the European Cup, going down 0-2 to Johan Cruijff's Ajax Amsterdam in 1972. During the 1970s and the 1980s, Inter also added two Coppa Italias to their tally in 1977-78 and 1981-82.

Led by the German duo of Andreas Brehme and Lothar Matthäus, and Argentine Ramón Díaz, Inter captured the 1989 Serie A championship under coach Giovanni Trapattoni. Fellow German Jürgen Klinsmann and the Italian Supercup were added the following season but to little avail as Inter did not manage to defend their title.

Hard times (1990–2004)

The 1990s were a period of disappointment for the club. Whilst their great rivals AC Milan and Juventus were achieving success both domestically and in Europe, Inter were left behind, with some mediocre positions in the standings, their worst finishes being in Serie A 1993-94 when they were just 1 point from relegation. Nevertheless, they achieved some European success in that decade with 3 UEFA Cup victories in 1991, 1994, and 1998.

With Massimo Moratti's takeover from Ernesto Pellegrini in 1995, Inter were promised more success with many high profile signings such as Ronaldo, Christian Vieri, and Hernán Crespo, with Inter twice breaking the world record transfer fee in this period. €19.5 million for Ronaldo from FC Barcelona in 1997 and €31 million for Christian Vieri from S.S. Lazio in 1999. However, the 1990s remained a decade of disappointment and is the only decade in Inter's history in which they failed to win a single Serie A championship. For Inter fans, it was difficult to identify who in particular might be to blame for these troubled times and this led to some icy relations between president, managers, and even some individual players.

Inter chairman Massimo Moratti later became a target for the fans, especially when he sacked much-loved coach Luigi Simoni after only a few games into the 1998-99 season, after having just received the Italian Manager of the Year award for 1998 the day before, Moratti decided to end his contract. In the 1998/99 season Inter failed to qualify for any European competition for the first time in almost 10 years, finishing in a poor eighth place.

In the 1999-00 season, Massimo Moratti made some major changes, once again with some high-profile signings. A major coup for Inter was the appointment of former Juventus F.C. manager Marcello Lippi. Inter were seen by the majority of the fans and press to have finally put together a winning formula. Other signings included Italian and French legends Angelo Peruzzi and Laurent Blanc together with other former Juventus players Christian Vieri and Vladimir Jugović. Inter were also seen to have an advantage in this season as they had no European "distraction". Once again they failed to win the elusive Scudetto. However, they did manage to come close to their first domestic success since 1989 when they reached the Coppa Italia final only to be defeated by Lazio allowing them to win the Scudetto and domestic cup double.

The following season, more disaster struck. Inter impressed in the Supercoppa Italia match against Lazio and took the lead through new signing Robbie Keane – however, they lost 4-3. Overall, though, they were looking good for the season that was about to start. What followed was another embarrassment as they were eliminated in the preliminary round of the UEFA Champions League by Swedish club Helsingborgs IF. Alvaro Recoba was given the opportunity to draw the sides level with a last-minute penalty, yet he missed, hitting the post, and Inter found themselves back at square one as Marcello Lippi, the manager at the time, was sacked after only a single game of the new season following Inter's first ever Serie A defeat to Reggina Calcio. Throughout this period, Inter suffered mockery from their neighbours A.C. Milan; Milan were having a period of success both domestically and in Europe. They also seemed to be suffering from a series of non-ending defeats at the hands of their city rivals, including an unfortunate 0-6 defeat in the 2000-01 season—their worst "home" result in history. Marco Tardelli, chosen to replace Lippi, failed to improve results, and is remembered by Inter fans as the manager that lost this match. Other members of the Inter squad during this period that suffered were the likes of Christian Vieri and Fabio Cannavaro, both of whom had their restaurants in Milan vandalised after defeats against AC Milan.

Inter fans' protests throughout this period ranged from vandalism to banners being unfurled in the stadium to protest against certain players. In some cases fans arranged for the Curva Nord, a section of the stadium to be empty for entire matches. Inter were in this period often deemed to be one of the favourites for the championship. This led to a popular AC Milan chant against Inter — "Luglio Agosto" (July and August); this was because during the summer months according to the press Inter had won the championship before it had even begun, only for them not to realise their promise.

In 2002, not only did Inter manage to make it to the UEFA cup semi-finals, they were also only 45 minutes away from capturing the Scudetto, when they needed to maintain a one-goal advantage over Lazio at Rome's Stadio Olimpico in the final match of the season, and Inter were top of the Serie A table at kick-off. However, a defeat would see Juventus, who were second, or even A.S. Roma, in third place, take the title from them, should these sides win. As a result, some Lazio fans were actually openly supporting Inter during this match, as an Inter victory would prevent their bitter rivals Roma from winning the championship. Inter were 2-1 up after only 24 minutes. Lazio equalised during first half injury time and then scored two more goals in the second half to clinch victory that eventually saw Juventus win the championship after their 2-0 victory away to Udinese Calcio. The date of this match — 5 May 2002 — still haunts Inter.

2002-03 saw Inter take a respectable second place and also managed to make it to the UEFA Champions League 2002-03 Semi-finals semi-finals against Milan. Although they drew on aggregate 1-1 with Milan, Inter lost on the away goals rule, even though both matches were played in the same stadium. It was another disappointment but they were finally on the right track.

However, once again Massimo Moratti's impatience got the better of him, Hernán Crespo was sold after just one season, and Hector Cuper was fired after only a few games. Alberto Zaccheroni stepped in, a life-long Inter fan but also the man who had been in charge of Lazio's 4-2 win over Inter in 2002; the fans were sceptical. Zaccheroni brought nothing new to the side, apart from two fantastic wins over Juventus 3-1 in Turin and 3-2 at the San Siro and the season was again nothing special. They were eliminated from the UEFA Champions League in the first round after finishing 3rd in the group. Furthermore, they only just managed to qualify for the UEFA Champions League by finishing in 4th place, only a point ahead of Parma F.C.. Inter's only saving grace in 2003-04 was the arrival of Dejan Stanković and Adriano Leite Ribeiro in January 2004, both solid players that filled the gap left by the departures of Hernán Crespo and Clarence Seedorf.

Resurrection and Italian leadership (2004–current)

On 15 June 2005, Internazionale won the Coppa Italia, defeating A.S. Roma in the two-legged final 3-0 on aggregate (1-0 win in Milan and 2-0 win in Rome) and followed that up on 20 August 2005 by winning the Supercoppa Italiana after an extra-time 1-0 victory against original 2004-05 Serie A champions Juventus F.C. (before being stripped of this title). This Super Cup win was Inter's first since 1989, coincidentally the same year since Inter last won the Scudetto before 2006. On 11 May 2006, Inter retained their Coppa Italia trophy by once again, defeating Roma with a 4-1 aggregate victory (A 1-1 scoreline in Rome and a 3-1 win at the San Siro).

Inter were awarded the 2005-06 Serie A championship as they were the highest placed side in the season's final league table after points were stripped from Juventus and A.C. Milan — both sides being involved in the 2006 Serie A scandal. On 14 July 2006, the Italian Federal Appeal Commission found Serie A clubs Juventus, S.S. Lazio, ACF Fiorentina, Reggina Calcio, and Milan guilty of match-fixing and punished the five clubs involved. As a result, with the relegation of Juventus to Serie B (for the first ever time in their history) and the 8-point deduction for city rivals Milan, Inter became favorites to retain their Serie A title for the upcoming 2006-07 Serie A season.

During the season, Inter went on a record-breaking run of 17 consecutive victories in Serie A, starting on 25 September 2006 with a 4-1 home win over A.S. Livorno Calcio and ending on 28 February 2007 after a 1-1 draw at home to Udinese Calcio. The 5-2 away win at Calcio Catania on 25 February 2007 broke the original record of 15 matches held by both FC Bayern Munich and Real Madrid C.F. from the "Big 5" (the top flight leagues in Premier League, Serie A, La Liga, Ligue 1, and Fußball-Bundesliga). The run lasted for almost five months and is among the best in European league football, with just S.L. Benfica (29 wins), Celtic F.C. (25 wins) and PSV Eindhoven (22 wins) bettering it. Inter's form dipped a little as they recorded 0-0 and 2-2 draws against relegation-battlers Reggina Calcio and slumping to U.S. Città di Palermo (respectively), the latter game featuring a second-half comeback after Palermo went up 2-0 at halftime. They could not keep their invincible form up near the end of the season as well, as they lost their first game of the domestic season to Roma at the San Siro 3-1, thanks to two late Roma goals. Inter had enjoyed an unbeaten Serie A run for just under a year.

On 22 April 2007, Inter were crowned Serie A champions for the second consecutive season after defeating A.C. Siena 2-1 at Stadio Artemio Franchi (Siena). Italy national football team FIFA World Cup winning defender Marco Materazzi scored both goals in the 18th and 60th minute, with the latter being a penalty. Inter started the F.C. Internazionale Milano season 2007-08 with the goal of winning both Serie A and UEFA Champions League. The team started well in the league, topping the table from the first round of matches, and also managed to qualify for the Champions League knockout stage; however, a late collapse leading to a 2-0 defeat with 10 men away to Liverpool F.C. on 19 February in the Champions League threw into question manger Roberto Mancini's future at Inter, and domestic form took a sharp turn of fortune with the team failing to win in the three following Serie A games (drawing with U.C. Sampdoria and major league opponents Roma, before losing away to S.S.C. Napoli, their first domestic defeat of the season. After being eliminated by Liverpool in the Champions League, Mancini then announced his intention to leave his job, only to change his mind the following day.

An improvement in results then gave Inter the chance to wrap up their Scudetto race twice, but a defeat to city rivals Milan and a home draw against Siena catapulted Roma to within just one point of Inter going into the final round of the Championship. Inter then managed to win at Parma F.C. thanks to two goals by Swedish striker Zlatan Ibrahimović, who was still recovering from a knee injury and came off the bench to score for his team.

Following this win, the club decided to sack Mancini on 29 May, citing his declarations following the Champions League defeat to Liverpool as the reason. On 2 June, Inter announced on their official website that they had appointed former F.C. Porto and Chelsea F.C. boss José Mourinho as new head coach, with Giuseppe Baresi as his assistant. This made Mourinho the only foreign coach in Italy in the 2008–09 season kick-off. Mourinho made only three additions to the squad during the summer transfer window of 2008 in the form of Alessandro Faiolhe Amantino, Sulley Muntari, and Ricardo Quaresma. Under Mourinho's first season as Inter head coach, the Nerazzurri won a 2008 Supercoppa Italiana and Serie A 2008–09, being, however, also eliminated from the Champions League in the first knockout round for a third consecutive time, losing to Manchester United F.C.. In winning the league title for the fourth consecutive time, Inter joined Torino F.C. and Juventus as the only teams to do this and the first to accomplish this feat in over 50 years.

Other historical information

Internazionale have never been Promotion and relegation from the Italian top flight in their entire history, which dates back all the way to 1908; a fact Nerazzurri fans hold in high regard. By comparison, A.C. Milan have been relegated twice. As of 2007, following Juventus F.C.' relegation to Serie B for the 2006-07 season following the Calciopoli scandal, Inter is the only Italian club that holds this honour, and its century in the top flight is one of the longest unbroken runs of any club in the world.

The current president and owner of Internazionale is Massimo Moratti. His father Angelo Moratti was the president of Inter during the club's golden era of the 1960s.

Players


As of 27 August 2009.



Out on loan




Non-playing staff





Retired numbers

3 – Giacinto Facchetti, defender (football) fullback, 1960–1978 (posthumous honour)

Noted players



Presidential history

Inter have had numerous presidents over the course of their history, some of which have been the owners of the club, others have been honorary presidents. Here is a complete list of them.


and the current manager is José Mourinho, who was appointed on 2 June 2008. Helenio Herrera had the longest reign as Internazionale coach, with nine years (eight consecutive) in charge, and is the most successful coach in Inter history with three Scudetti, two European Cups, and two Intercontinental Cup (football) wins.


{. After World War II, the club changed their name and their colours back to the original incarnation. Inter continue on with the black and blue stripes to this day, leading to the nickname Nerazzurri. The Milanese flag kit has been revived occasionally as an away kit however.

One of the nicknames of Inter is I biscione which means "the big grass snake". It was chosen because in Milanese heraldry, the snake is historically important; it features on the coat of arms of the House of Sforza (who ruled over Italy from Milan during the Renaissance period), the city of Milan, the historical Duchy of Milan (a 400 year state of the Holy Roman Empire), and Insubria (a historical regional area which the city of Milan falls within).

Supporters and rivalries

Inter is one of the most supported clubs in Italy, according to an August 2007 research by Italian newspaper La Repubblica,. Historically, the largest section of Inter fans from the city of Milan have been the middle class bourgeoisie Milanese, while A.C. Milan fans are typically working class and a significant portion are migrants from Mezzogiorno.

The other most significant rivalry is with Juventus F.C.; the two participate in the Derby d'Italia. Up until the 2006 Serie A match-fixing scandal, which saw Juventus relegated, the two were the only Italian clubs to have never played below Serie A. Clubs such as Bologna F.C. 1909, Atalanta B.C., and A.S. Roma are also considered to be amongst their rivals.

Honours

National titles



International titles

The following titles include only those which are recognised by UEFA and FIFA.

European titles



World-wide titles

Regional titles

Italy



Youth Team Honours

Under 14 Championship:
Under 16 Championship:
Under 18 Championship:
Filippo De Cecco Tournament:

Individual Honours

FIFA World Player of the Year

Ballon d'Or/European Footballer of the Year

World Soccer Awards

UEFA Club Footballer of the Year

FC Internazionale Milano as a company

According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in season 2005-06, Inter were the 7th highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €206.6 million

Kit providers and sponsors

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