The Scottish Football Association
The Scottish Football Association (also known as the SFA and The Scottish FA) is the Sport governing body of association football in Scotland and has the ultimate responsibility for the control and development of football in Scotland. Members of the SFA include List of football clubs in Scotland, affiliated national associations as well as local associations. It was formed in 1873, making it List of Football Associations by date of foundation national football association in the world. It is not to be confused with the "Scottish Rugby Union", which is the name that the SRU was known by until the 1920s.
The Scottish Football Association sits on the International Football Association Board which is responsible for the laws of the game. The SFA is also a member of FIFA and founder member of UEFA. It is based at Hampden Park in Glasgow. In addition, the Scottish Football Museum is located there.
The Scottish Football Association is responsible for the operation of the Scotland national football team, the annual Scottish Cup and several other duties important to the functioning of the game in Scotland.
History Following the formation of Scotland’s earliest football clubs in the 1860s, football experienced a rapid growth but there was no formal structure, and matches were often arranged in a haphazard and irregular fashion.
Queen's Park F.C., a Glasgow club founded in 1867, took the lead, and following an advertisement in a Glasgow newspaper in 1873, representatives from seven clubs – Queen's Park, Clydesdale F.C., Vale of Leven F.C., Dumbreck F.C., Third Lanark A.C., Eastern F.C. and Granville F.C. – attended a meeting on 13 March 1873. Furthermore, Kilmarnock F.C. sent a letter stating their willingness to join.
That day, these eight clubs formed the Scottish Football Association, and resolved that:
Chief executive The chief executive of the Scottish Football Association oversees the development of football in Scotland and the administration of disciplinary matters, and is also responsible for the general organisation of the national side. One of the most prominent roles of the chief executive is to hire and dismiss Scotland national team managers.
There have been eight chief executives since 1882:
- John McDowall (1882–1928)
- George Graham (1928–1957)
- Willie Allan (1957–1977)
- Ernie Walker (executive) (1977–1990)
- Jim Farry (1990–1999)
- David Taylor (Scottish football) (1999–2007)
- Gordon Smith (footballer born September 1954) (2007–2010)
- Stewart Regan (2010–present)
National teams As well as the Scotland national football team, the Scottish Football Association is also currently responsible for organising the Scotland B national football team, as well as men's national teams at Scotland national under-21 football team, Scotland national under-19 football team, under-18 and Scotland national under-17 football team levels. There is also a semi-professional team. In women's football, there is the full Scotland women's national football team and an under-19 team.
Scottish FA regionsScottish FA six regions.
- Scottish FA West Region
- Scottish FA South West Region
- Scottish FA North Region
- Scottish FA South East Region
- Scottish FA Central Region
- Scottish FA East Region
Club competitions The Scottish Football Association organises the Scottish Cup and the Scottish Youth Cup. Although the SFA are not involved in the day-to-day operation of the Scottish Premier League or the Scottish Football League, they do appoint referees to officiate the games in these leagues.
National associations The Scottish Football Association has affiliated to it the following six national associations:
- Scottish Amateur Football Association
- Scottish Junior Football Association
- Scottish Schools Football Association
- Scottish Youth Football Association
- Scottish Welfare Football Association
- Scottish Women's Football Association
Local associations The following nine local associations are affiliated:
- Aberdeenshire and District Football Association
- East of Scotland Football Association
- Fife Football Association
- Forfarshire Football Association
- Glasgow Football Association
- North of Scotland Football Association
- Southern Counties Football Association
- Stirlingshire Football Association
- West of Scotland Football Association
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